GKS-3D and PHIGS — Theory and Practice

  • Roger Hubbold
  • Terry Hewitt
Conference paper
Part of the EurographicSeminars book series (FOCUS COMPUTER)


Since this tutorial was presented both GKS-3D and PHIGS have become international standards. PHIGS PLUS extends PHIGS to include lighting and shading capabilities. This chapter examines these systems and looks at some simple applications. In practice, PHIGS can be quite difficult to use — a fact which is not apparent until one actually tries to do something with it. For many applications, GKS-3D would be a better choice, unless lighting and shading are necessary. It seems, however, that many manufacturers are ignoring GKS-3D and are only supporting PHIGS for 3D applications. The chapter concludes with advice and information about implementations.


Print Circuit Board Modelling Transformation Application Program Graphic System Fill Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© EUROGRAPHICS The European Association for Computer Graphics 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Hubbold
  • Terry Hewitt

There are no affiliations available

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