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Rice pp 468-494 | Cite as

Molecular Markers in Rice Systematics and the Evaluation of Genetic Resources

  • G. Second
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 14)

Abstract

Cultivated varieties of rice are the result of several thousands of years of human selection from the available genetic diversity, in various natural environments and human cultures. The process of gathering varieties from different geographic origins, planting them in the same field, and selecting particular genotypes among the offsprings of natural hybridization can still be observed in traditional societies and has no doubt been going on since early days. Modern breeding in the last century has done little more than to control the process of hybridization and selection in a more efficient way, and the result has been to adapt varieties to better controlled and fertilized environments. The basic approach consists of choosing parents with complementary characters in order to combine them. Unexpected (transgressive) characters are also obtained in the process. Evaluation of germplasm is generally a matter of screening for useful characters although the understanding of the genetic structure of genetic resources can give a clue to obtain transgressive characters (Second and Charrier 1989).

Keywords

Wild Rice Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Marker Rice Systematics Isozyme Locus Biological Species Concept 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Second
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant BreedingInternational Rice Research InstituteManilaPhilippines

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