DNA Fingerprinting

  • David T Parkin
  • J H Wetton
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 57)

Abstract

Evolution by natural selection takes place through the success and failure of individuals to survive and reproduce. It thus involves the lowest level of taxonomic structure — the individual. To understand many of the processes of evolution at higher taxonomic levels, it is necessary to study and understand the behaviour of populations and individuals in nature and the laboratory: to record their survival and measure their fitness. This study of the interaction between individual fitness and genetic variation lies within the field of population genetics.

Keywords

Agarose Electrophoresis Prep Parkin Congo 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ayala, F.J. 1975 Genetic differentiation during the speciation process. in Evolutionary Biology vol 8 (eds T. Dobzhansky, M.K.Hecht & W.C.Steere) Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Barrowclough, G.F. 1980. Gene flow, effective population sizes and genetic variance components in birds. Evolution, 34, 789–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brookfield, J.F.Y. 1989 Analysis of DNA fingerprinting data in cases of disputed paternity. J. Maths Appl. Med. & Biot, 6, 111–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burke, T. 1989 DNA fingerprinting and other methods for the study of mating success. Trends in Ecol. & Evo1., 4, 139–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carter, R.E., J.H.Wetton & D.T.Parkin 1989 Improved genetic fingerprinting using RNA probes. Nucl. Acids Res 17, 5867.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Futuyma, D. 1979. Evolutionary Biology. Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass.Google Scholar
  7. Harris, H. 1966. Enzyme polymorphisms in man. Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. b, 164, 298–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jeffreys, A.J., J.F.Y.Brookfield & R. Semeonoff 1985a Positive identification in an immigration test-case using human DNA fingerprints. Nature, 317, 818–819.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jeffreys, A.J., V. Wilson & S.L.Thein 1985b Hypervariable ‘minisatellite’ regions in human DNA. Nature, 314, 67–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jeffreys, A.J., V. Wilson & S.L.Thein 1985c. Individual-specific ‘fingerprint’ of human DNA. Nature, 316, 76–79.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lewontin, R.C. & J.L.Hubby 1966. A molecular approach to the study of genic heterozygosity in natural populations. II Amount of variation and degree of heterozygosity in natural populations of Drosophila pseudoobscura. Genetics, 54, 595–609.Google Scholar
  12. Lewontin, R.C. 1974 The genetic basis of evolutionary change. Columbia U.P., New York.Google Scholar
  13. Lynch, M. 1988 Estimation of relatedness by DNA fingerprinting. Mol. BioL EvoL, 5, 584–599.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Mayr, E. 1963 Animal species and evolution. Harvard U P, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  15. Muller, H.J. 1950. Our laod of mutations. Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2, 111–176.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Nei, M. 1975 Molecular population genetics and evolution. Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Nevo, E. 1978 Genetic variation in natural populations: patterns and theory. Theoret. Pop. Biol., 13, 121–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stebbins, G.L. 1974 Flowering plants: evolution above the species level. Harvard U P, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  19. Wallace, B. 1958. The role of heterozygosity in Drosophila populations. Proc. Int. Cong. Genet. 10th, 1, 408–419.Google Scholar
  20. Wetton, J.H., R.E.Carter, D.T.Parkin & D.Walters 1987 Demographic study of a wild House Sparrow population by DNA fingerprinting. Nature, 327, 147–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wetton, J.H. & D.T Parkin 1989 DNA fingerprinting of house sparrows. in Electrophoretic studies on agricultural pests (eds H.D.Loxdale & J.den Hollander) Syst. Ass. Special Vol., Oxford U.P.Google Scholar
  22. Wong, Z., V.Wilson, A.J. Jeffreys & S.L.Thein 1986 Cloning a selected fragment from a human DNA ‘fingerprint’: Isolation of an extremely polymorphic minisatellite. Nucl. Acids Res., 14, 4605–4616.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David T Parkin
    • 1
  • J H Wetton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeneticsSchool of Medicine Queen’s Medical CentreNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations