Personal Exposure to Ambient Nicotine in Different Seasons
To evaluate the difference in the exposure of nonsmoking women to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) between winter and summer, exposure levels of ambient nicotine in both seasons were measured by a personal nicotine monitor carried by the nonsmoking subjects throughout the whole day. Housewives and working women were selected as the nonsmoking subjects.
The average amount of nicotine inhaled by housewives during their smoking husbands’ holiday was estimated to be 93.2 μg/day in winter and 34.3 μg/day in summer. The winter and summer values were 2.22 and 2.01 times higher, respectively, than those determined during their husbands’ workday.
The average amounts of nicotine inhaled during a workday by working women with a smoking husband and without a smoker in their family were estimated to be 75.1 μg/day and 68.8μg/day in winter, and 50.8μg/day and 51.6μg/day in summer, respectively. These values in winter and summer for the women with a smoking husband were 1.24 and 1.14 times higher, respectively, than the values determined during their holiday. On the other hand, the value during a holiday for the women without a smoker in their family was negligibly small regardless of season. Thus, the daily exposure to ETS was found to be generally higher in winter than in summer. The difference in the exposure levels between winter and summer was particularly significant for housewives.
KeywordsExposure Level Sample Tube Environmental Tobacco Smoke Passive Smoking Active Smoking
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