Effects of Light or Moderate Smoking on Birth Weight or on Serum Biochemical Components in Infants of Japanese Women

  • Y. Shimizu
  • T. Ishiguro
Part of the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health Supplement book series (OCCUPATIONAL)


Smoking habits were studied in 1,545 Japanese pregnant women and the weight of delivered babies was compared to findings in the case of non-smokers. In all 120 of 1,545 women (7.8 %) continued to smoke while pregnant, and 107 of those 120 women (89.2%) were light or moderate smokers who smoked less than 20 cigarettes per day. Birth weight differences between the infants of light or moderate smokers and those of non-smokers were 75 g. Serum biochemical components such as total protein, albumin, A/G, cholesterol, triglycéride, enzymes, electrolytes, urea nitrogen, creatinine and uric acid were studied in 32 infants, including 12 born to light or moderate smokers and 20 to non-smokers. Serum vitamin ?12 levels were also examined in 15 infants of light or moderate smokers and 14 infants of non-smokers. The serum values of all these compounds were the same in both groups. Thus, light to moderate smoking is not an absolute risk factor, as related to intrauterine growth of the fetus.


Birth Weight Uric Acid Fetal Growth Japanese Woman Serum Vitamin 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Shimizu
  • T. Ishiguro

There are no affiliations available

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