Radiobiological experience may influence radiotherapeutical practice and lead to new modalities. The treatment of the topic can only be exemplary in nature and cannot be comprehensive. Phototherapy is mainly applied with certain nonmalignant skin diseases but it is recently extended also to non-skin cancers. Ionizing radiation is widely used in cancer treatment. Experimental model systems are described which were designed to understand the underlying principles and to test possible new developments. A few such examples are discussed: namely new types of radiation, particularly those with better depth dose distributions, the combination with hyperthermia or the concomitant application of chemical agents.
KeywordsRelative Biological Effectiveness Biologically Effective Dose Radiation Type Radiation Biology Oxygen Effect
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