Acute radiation reactions in special organs or systems (skin, eye, immune system) are treated first, both with UV and ionizing radiation. The main part of the chapter is devoted to the acute radiation syndrome as it develops after whole-body exposure to ionizing radiation and which is mainly caused by the impairment of cell division in the renewal systems of the blood-forming organs and the alimentary tract. In the last section, the acute “radiation sickness” in its clinical form is briefly described.
KeywordsAcute Radiation Renewal System Radiation Accident Radiation Sickness Acute Radiation Syndrome
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