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Update 1989 pp 262-269 | Cite as

Nutritional Support in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure Undergoing Artificial Ventilation

  • N. M. Al-Saady
  • C. M. Blackmore
  • D. Bennett
Conference paper
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 8)

Abstract

During recent years it has become apparent that the nutritional status of patients with respiratory insufficiency is an important consideration in their management [1, 2]. The incidence of malnutrition is high, both in patients with chronic respiratory disease and those hospitalized with acute respiratory failure [3–6]. A relationship exists between nutritional status and respiratory function. One study using normal subjects found that several days of a hypocaloric feeding regimen depressed the subject’s response to hypoxia [1]. Subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and concomitant impaired nutritional status demonstrated reduced respiratory muscle strength [2], decreased cell-mediated immunity [7], nutritionally induced anemia [8], decreased production of surfactant and decreased replication of respiratory endothelium [9–11].

Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Acute Respiratory Failure Nutritional Support Respiratory Quotient Carbon Dioxide Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. M. Al-Saady
  • C. M. Blackmore
  • D. Bennett

There are no affiliations available

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