Acquired Infections in the ICU: The Current Status of Selective Decontamination
Late deaths in the intensive care unit (ICU) are virtually all due to multiple organ failure (MOF), regardless of whether the patient’s primary insult is multiple trauma, burns or postoperative sepsis. Infection is present in virtually all critically ill patients who go on to develop MOF and the incidence of acquired infection within ICUs is extremely high. Overall, infection is reported in 23–36% of patients in a general, non-specialist, ICU [1–4]. There is a high incidence of unit-acquired infection in ICU and infection rates may exceed 80% in patients admitted for 5 or more days [1, 5–7].
KeywordsIntensive Care Unit Intensive Care Unit Patient Multiple Organ Failure Multiple Trauma Patient Selective Decontamination
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