Picornaviruses and Reoviruses of Fishes

  • J. R. Winton


The number of fish viruses isolated in cell culture or observed by electron microscopy continues to increase rapidly. Until recently, most viruses that were isolated from finfish and characterized were found to be members of the Rhabdoviridae, Iridoviridae, or Herpesviridae (Wolf and Mann 1980). In a comprehensive review of fish viruses published in 1984, there were no picornaviruses and only two reoviruses listed (Wolf 1984). The expansion of aquaculture into the rearing of new species at high density in different geographic areas, and the use of improved methods of detection that include newly developed cell lines and increased sampling effort, have led to the discovery of fish viruses representing nearly all families of animal viruses. Among the newest additions, are a member of the family Picornaviridae and several new viruses that belong within the Reoviridae.


Rainbow Trout Grass Carp Chum Salmon Masu Salmon Crassostrea Virginica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahne W, Kölbl (1987) Occurrence of reoviruses in European cyprinid fishes (Tinca tinca Lin.; Leuciscus cephalus Lin.). J Appl Ichthyol 3: 139–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amend DF, McDowell T, Hedrick RP (1984) Characteristics of a previously unidentified virus from channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 41: 807–811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amos KH (ed) (1985) Procedures for the detection and identification of certain fish pathogens, 3rd ed. American Fisheries Society, BethesdaGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen Y-X, Jiang Y-L (1984a) Morphological and physico-chemical characterization of the hemorrhagic virus of grass carp. Kexue Tongbao 29: 832–835Google Scholar
  5. Chen Y-X, Jiang Y-L (1984b) Morphological and physico-chemical characterization of the hemorrhagic virus of grass carp. In: Abstracts, Sixth International Congress of Virology, Sendai, Japan, p 373Google Scholar
  6. Fenner F, Bachmann PA, Gibbs EPJ, Murphy FA, Studdert MJ, White DO (1987) Veterinary virology. Academic Press, OrlandoGoogle Scholar
  7. Hedrick RP, Rosemark R, Aronstein D, Winton JR, McDowell T, Amend DF (1984) Characteristics of a new reovirus from channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). J Gen Virol 65: 1527–1534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hsu Y-L, Chen B-S, Wu J-L (1988) Biological and biochemical characteristics of a reovirus isolated from hard clam (Meretrix lusoria). In: Abstracts, International Conference on Fish Health, Vancouver, Canada, p 166Google Scholar
  9. Joklik WK (1983) The members of the family Reoviridae. In: Joklik WK (ed) The Reoviridae, Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Lupiani B, Dopazo CP, Ledo A, Barja JL, Hetrick FM, Toranzo AE (1988) A new syndrome of suspected viral etiology in cultured juvenile turbot. In: Abstracts, International Conference on Fish Health, Vancouver, Canada p 158Google Scholar
  11. Matthews REF (1982) Classification and nomenclature of viruses: Fourth report of the international committee on taxonomy of viruses. Intervirol 17: 1–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Meyers TR (1979) A reo-like virus isolated from juvenile American oysters (Crassostrea virginica). J Gen Virol 43: 203–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Meyers TR (1980) Experimental pathogenicity of reovirus 13p2 for juvenile American oysters Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) and bluegill fingerlings Lepomis macrochirus (Rafinesque). J Fish Dis 3: 187–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Meyers TR (1983) Serological and histopathological responses of rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson, to experimental infection with the 13p2 reovirus. J Fish Dis 6: 277–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Meyers TR, Hirai K (1980) Morphology of a reo-like virus isolated from juvenile American oysters (Crassostrea virginica). J Gen Virol 46: 249–253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moore AR, Li MF, McMenemy, M (1988) Isolation of a picorna-like virus from smelt, Osmerus mordax (Mitchill. J Fish Dis 11: 179–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nagabayashi T, Mori S (1983) Characterization of a virus (JOV-1) isolated from the Japanese oysters (Crassostrea gigas). In: Abstr Soc Invert Path XVI Annual Meeting. Cornell UniversityGoogle Scholar
  18. Nie D-S, Pan J-P (1985) Diseases of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon ideilus Valenciennes, 1844) in China, a review from 1953 to 1983. Fish Pathol 20: 323–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Plumb JA, Bowser PR, Grizzle JM, Mitchell AJ (1979) Fish viruses: A double-stranded RNA icosahedral virus from a North American cyprinid. J Fish Res Board Can 36: 1390–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Schwedler TE, Plumb JA (1980) Fish viruses: Serological comparison of golden shiner and infectious pancreatic necrosis viruses. J Wildl Dis 16: 597–599PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Schwedler TE, Plumb JA (1982a) In vitro growth kinetics and thermostability of the golden shiner virus. J Wildl Dis 18: 441–446PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Schwedler TE, Plumb JA (1982b) Golden shiner virus: Effects of stocking density on incidence of viral infection. Prog. Fish Cult 44: 151–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Watanabe T and Yamamori K 1983 Virus-like particles in the spleen hematopoietic tissue of puffer Fugu pardale. Bui Jap Soc Sci Fish 49: 307Google Scholar
  24. Winton JR (1981) Isolation and characterization of a new reovirus from chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta). Ph. D. thesis, Oregon State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  25. Winton JR, Lannan CN, Fryer JL, Kimura T (1981) Isolation of a new reovirus from chum salmon in Japan. Fish Pathol 15: 155–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Winton JR, Lannan CN, Fryer JL (1983) Further characterization of a new reovirus of poikilothermic vertebrates. In: Compans RW, Bishop DHL (eds) Double-stranded RNA Viruses. Elsevier, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. Winton JR, Lannan CL, Fryer JL, Hedrick RP, Meyers TR, Plumb JA, Yamamoto T (1987) Morphological and biochemical properties of four members of a novel group of reoviruses isolated from aquatic animals. J Gen Virol 68: 353–364PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wolf K (1984) Fish viruses: Their biology, classification, hosts, pathology and control. In: Kurstak E, Marusyk RG (eds) Control of Virus Diseases, Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Wolf K, Mann JA (1980) Poikilotherm vertebrate cell lines and viruses: A current listing for fishes. In Vitro 16: 168–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Yoshimizu M (1988) Chum salmon virus isolated from masu salmon. In: Fish and Eggs, Technical Reports of the Hokkaido Salmon Hatchery 157: 36–38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Winton
    • 1
  1. 1.National Fisheries Research CenterSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations