Cancer Mapping pp 163-175 | Cite as

Cancer Mortality Statistics: Availability and Quality Aspects of Mortality Data Worldwide

  • H. Hansluwka
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 114)

Abstract

Ever since demography became a social science and interest in public health developed, the analysis of mortality data has been the cornerstone for evaluating the state of health in a country and a foundation for remedial action. Mortality data are used:
  1. 1.
    At government level
    1. a)

      To contribute to societal monitoring as a basis for the delimitation of social policy objectives and priorities

       
    2. b)

      To assess and monitor the state of public health as a basis for the setting of priorities and the allocation and distribution of funds to and within the health sector

       
    3. c)

      To identify target groups for remedial action and intervention programmes

       
    4. d)

      To assess the effectiveness and impact of social policy measures, including health intervention programmes

       
    5. e)

      To provide, by computing life and related attrition tables, essential background information for decision making on specific social and economic aspects such as duration of working life and age at retirement, financing of health (life) insurance and the pension system(s), and family welfare measures

       
     
  2. 2.
    At research level
    1. a)

      To study patterns of demographic changes

       
    2. b)

      To study trends and differences in mortality between as well as within countries

       
    3. c)

      To test hypotheses in epidemiological studies

       
    4. d)

      As endpoints in cohort studies and as a source for record-linkage studies such as those on survival experience

       
    5. e)

      To help in estimating the social and economic costs of ill-health and in cost-effectiveness analyses of different intervention strategies

       
    6. f)

      As a basis for making predictions about future trends in the population and for health and actuarial projections

       
    7. g)

      As an integral component in the development of national (subnational) profiles of disease patterns and social inequities

       
     
  3. 3.
    Other
    1. a)

      To determine annuities and annual premiums for life and health insurance

       
    2. b)

      In settlement of compensation claims for loss of life in the courts

       
     

Information of cancer mortality has been widely used in designing and evaluating cancer-prevention strategies and for formulating and testing hypotheses in epidemiological research. However, without doubt, there still remain unexploited possibilities for the more extensive use of mortality data in research and administration.

Keywords

Migration Europe Tuberculosis Pyramid Arteriosclerosis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alderson M (1981) International mortality statistics. McMillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Case R (1956) Cohort analysis of mortality rates as historical or normative technique. Br J Prey Soc Med 10: 159–171Google Scholar
  3. Freudenberg K (1932) Die Höhe der Krebssterblichkeit. Z Krebsforsch 35: 178Google Scholar
  4. Frost W (1939) Age selection of mortality from tuberculosis in successive decades. Am J Hyg 30: 91–96Google Scholar
  5. Gilliam A (1955) Trends of mortality attributed to carcinoma of the lung. Cancer 8: 1130–1136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hansluwka H (1978) Cancer mortality in Europe, 1970–1974. World Health Stat Q 31: 159ffGoogle Scholar
  7. Hansluwka H (1963) Die Entwicklung der Krebssterblichkeit in Österreich. Krebsarzt 18Google Scholar
  8. Horbach L (1960) Kritische Untersuchungen der internationalen Sterblichkeitsstatistik der Krebskrankheiten im Vergleich mit anderen Todesursachen. Z Krebsforsch 63: 331–339Google Scholar
  9. Koller S (1936) Die Krebsverbreitung in Süd-und Westeuropa. Z Krebsforsch 45: 197Google Scholar
  10. Milmore B (1955) Trend of lung cancer mortality in the United States: some limitations of available statistics. J Natl Cancer Inst 16, 1: 267–284PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Registrar General (1957) Cancer of the lung. Statistical review for England and Wales 1955, part III, commentary. 134–142Google Scholar
  12. World Health Organization (1977) Manual of mortality analysis (a manual on methods of national mortality statistics for public health purposes). WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  13. World Health Organization (1986) WHO constitution. In: Basic documents, 36th ed. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Hansluwka
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Epidemiologie der NeoplasmenAustria

Personalised recommendations