Diverse Divers pp 109-118 | Cite as

Blood Gases

  • Gerald L. Kooyman
Part of the Zoophysiology book series (ZOOPHYSIOLOGY, volume 23)


Blood gases are a difficult variable to measure. Unlike heart rate, for example, which can be obtained with a simple electrode contact to the skin, the animal must be catheterized to measure blood gases. This is always a complex procedure in aquatic animals, and sampling while free-diving adds further great complications. Recently, blood gases have been obtained during dives of Weddell seals. This was done by means of a microprocessor-controlled sampling array. It is a major innovation in the study of the physiology of diving. Some of the LA and glucose results were presented in Chapter 8; the blood gas results are discussed below.


Gentoo Penguin Weddell Seal Freshwater Turtle Bohr Effect Northern Elephant Seal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald L. Kooyman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California, San DiegoScripps Institution of Oceanography Physiological Research LaboratoryLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations