• Anantha K. Murthy
  • Dennis Galinsky
  • Frank R. Hendrickson
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The hypopharynx is that portion of the pharynx which envelops the larynx and lies lateral and posterior to the larynx. It extends from the level of the hyoid bone superiorly to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage inferiorly. (Fig. 9-1) It consists of the pyriform sinus, the posterior pharyngeal wall and the post-cricoid region. The posterior pharyngeal wall of the hypopharynx is contiguous with the oropharyngeal walls. Most authors analyze the oropharyngeal wall and the hypopharyngeal wall tumors together. Pyrifom sinus cancers form the majority of hypopharyngeal cancers. The incidence of post-cricoid tumors varies in different countries and is quite uncommon in the United States.


Lateral Field Cricoid Cartilage Pyriform Sinus Posterior Pharyngeal Wall Retropharyngeal Lymph Node 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anantha K. Murthy
    • 1
  • Dennis Galinsky
    • 1
  • Frank R. Hendrickson
    • 2
  1. 1.Section of Radiation OncologyRush Presbyterian St. Luke’s Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Therapeutic RadiologyRush Presbyterian St. Luke’s Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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