Intra-Aortic Balloon Counterpulsation

  • M. B. Kesselbrenner
  • S. S. Cohen
  • D. Bregman
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 6)


The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is currently the most widely used temporary circulatory assist device. Since its inception in 1962 by Moulopoulous, et al. [1] intra-aortic balloon pumping has represented a simple and practical approach to support the failing circulation. The principles of counterpulsation arose from pioneering work of Harken [2] and Kantrowitz [3, 4] who surmised that poor left ventricle indices could possibly be influenced by retarding the diastolic pressure. Counterpulsation, as employed by the IABP, is accomplished when the intra-aortic balloon is positioned in the descending aorta; the balloon is rapidly inflated in diastole concurrent with closure of the aortic valve (Fig. 1).


Balloon Catheter Left Subclavian Artery Intraaortic Balloon Percutaneous Balloon Peripartum Cardiomyopathy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. B. Kesselbrenner
  • S. S. Cohen
  • D. Bregman

There are no affiliations available

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