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Intra-Aortic Balloon Counterpulsation

  • M. B. Kesselbrenner
  • S. S. Cohen
  • D. Bregman
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 6)

Abstract

The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is currently the most widely used temporary circulatory assist device. Since its inception in 1962 by Moulopoulous, et al. [1] intra-aortic balloon pumping has represented a simple and practical approach to support the failing circulation. The principles of counterpulsation arose from pioneering work of Harken [2] and Kantrowitz [3, 4] who surmised that poor left ventricle indices could possibly be influenced by retarding the diastolic pressure. Counterpulsation, as employed by the IABP, is accomplished when the intra-aortic balloon is positioned in the descending aorta; the balloon is rapidly inflated in diastole concurrent with closure of the aortic valve (Fig. 1).

Keywords

Balloon Catheter Left Subclavian Artery Intraaortic Balloon Percutaneous Balloon Peripartum Cardiomyopathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. B. Kesselbrenner
  • S. S. Cohen
  • D. Bregman

There are no affiliations available

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