Symmetry Breaking—A Second Look

  • Ganesan Venkataraman
  • Debendranath Sahoo
  • Venkataraman Balakrishnan
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 84)


Several years ago, Pauling and Hayward [9.1] presented a very interesting study of the architecture of molecules. We are here interested in the next stage, the architecture of the condensed state—i.e., the macroscopic structures that can be built out of large collections of atoms or molecules. The phases of condensed matter may be regarded as arising from an attempt to fill space homogeneously with given elementary entities, subject to certain constraints arising from basic physical principles. This leads to the wide variety of phases one observes in matter in the condensed state.


Symmetry Breaking Isotropy Subgroup Euclidean Group Irreducible Representation Elementary Entity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ganesan Venkataraman
    • 1
  • Debendranath Sahoo
    • 2
  • Venkataraman Balakrishnan
    • 3
  1. 1.ANURAG, Defence Research & Development OrganisationRCI POHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic ResearchKalpakkamIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of TechnologyKalpakkamIndia

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