Photochemical Hole-Burning in Electronic Transitions

  • D. Haarer
Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 44)

Abstract

In this chapter the basic aspects of the chemistry and spectroscopy of photochemical hole-burning (PHB) are developed. A comparison with the techniques of transient hole-burning in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and optical spectroscopy clearly illustrates that the chemical nature of the PHB method has far-reaching consequences: Not only fast relaxation processes in the time regime between femtoseconds and nanoseconds can be investigated, but also very slow relaxation processes which occur on time scales of seconds to years. This is due to the irreversible and stable nature of the photochemical change which is induced via laser irradiation. This irradiation creates a photochemical “memory” which is sensitive to slow matrix changes in the long time domain. These matrix changes, which generally lead to changes of the observed PHB spectra and which are discussed in conjunction with the spectroscopic term of “spectral diffusion”, are of special relevance for the understanding of amorphous solids, a class of materials that is characterized by a non-equilibrum state of the pertinent microscopic parameters, describing the multidimensional configurational space of a glass. At present, and in the near future, the main challenge for the spectroscopist will be to correlate microscopic and macroscopic matrix parameters with the observed spectral features of PHB spectroscopy.

Keywords

Burning Chlorin MeOH Polystyrene Convolution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 3.1
    N. Bloembergen, E.M. Purcell, R.V. Pound: Phys. Rev. 71, 679 (1948)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.2
    K. Blum: Density Matrix Theory and Applications (Plenum, New York 1981 ); M. Sargent III, M.O. Scully, W.E. Lamb Jr.: Laser Physics, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass. 1974 )Google Scholar
  3. 3.3
    A. Szabo: Phys. Rev. B1 I, 4512 (1975)Google Scholar
  4. 3.4
    A.R. Chraplyvy, W.E. Moerner, A.J. Sievers: Opt. Lett. 6, 431 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.5
    J. Friedrich, D. Haarer. Ang. Chemie Int. Ed. 23, 113 (1984)Google Scholar
  6. 3.6
    B.M. Kharlamov, R.I. Personov, L.A. Bykovskaya: Opt. Commun. 12, 191 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 3.7
    A.A. Gorokhovskii, R. Kaarli, L.A. Rebane: JETP Lett. 20, 216 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 3.8
    R.H. Silsbee: In Optical Properties of Solids, ed by S. Nudelmann, S.S. Mitra ( Plenum, New York 1969 ) p. 607Google Scholar
  9. 3.9
    A.H. Weller: Prog. React. Kinet. 1, 187 (1961)Google Scholar
  10. 3.10
    H. Beens, K.H. Grellmann, M. Gurr, A.H. Weller. Disc. Faraday Soc. 39, 183 (1985)Google Scholar
  11. 3.11
    E. Rommel, J. Wirz: Hely. Chem. Acta 60, 38 (1977)Google Scholar
  12. 3.12
    F. Graf, D. Haarer. unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  13. 3.13
    D.M. Burland, D. Haarer. IBM J. Res. Dev. 23, 543 (1979)Google Scholar
  14. 3.14
    S. Völker, J.H. Van der Waals: Mol. Phys. 32, 1703 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 3.15
    S. Völker, R.M. Macfarlane, A.Z. Genack, H.P. Trommsdorff, J.H. van der Waals: J. Chem. Phys. 67, 1759 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 3.16
    S. Völker, R.M. Macfarlane: J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4476 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 3.17
    F. Graf, H.K. Hong, A. Nazzal, D. Haarer: Chem. Phys. Lett. 59, 217 (1978)ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 3.18
    A.P. Marchetti, M. Scozzava, R.H. Young: Chem. Phys. Lett 51, 424 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 3.19
    J. Friedrich, H. Scheer, B. Zickendraht-Wendelstadt, D. Haarer: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103, 1030 (1981)Google Scholar
  20. 3.20
    J. Friedrich, H. Scheer, B. Zickendraht-Wendelstadt, D. Haarer: J. Chem. Phys. 74, 2260 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 3.21
    J.M. Hayes, G.J. Small: Chem. Phys. 27, 151 (1978)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 3.22
    R. Jankowiak, H. Bassler Chem. Phys. Lett. 95, 124, 310 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 3.23
    E. Cuellar, G. Castro: Chem. Phys. 54, 217 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 3.24
    D.M. Burland, F. Carmona, J. Pacansky: Chem. Phys. Lett. 56 221 (1978)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 3.25
    H. de Vries, D.A. Wiersma: Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 91 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 3.26
    H.W.H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E.E. Marinero, W.E. Moerner. Chem. Phys. Lett 118, 611 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 3.27
    W. Lenth, W.E. Moerner. Opt. Commun. 58, 249 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 3.28
    J. Joussot-Dubien, R. Lesceaux: Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 258, 4260 (1964); ibidem. 263, 1177 (1965)Google Scholar
  29. 3.29
    J. Joussot-Dubien, R. Lesceaux: J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1631 (1964)Google Scholar
  30. 3.30
    R.M. Macfarlane, R.M. Shelby: Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 788 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 3.31
    T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima: J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 3.32
    M. Dubs, H.H. Günthard: Chem. Phys. Lett. 64, 105 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 3.33
    W.E. Moerner, A.R. Chraplyvy, A.J. Sievers, R.H. Silsbee: Phys. Rev. B28, 7244 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 3.34
    T.H. Keil: Phys. Rev. A 140, 601 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 3.35
    K. Huang: A. Phys. Proc. R. Soc. A208, 352 (1951)ADSMATHGoogle Scholar
  36. 3.36
    J.J. Markham: Rev. Mod. Phys. 31, 956 (1959)ADSMATHGoogle Scholar
  37. 3.37
    G.J. Small: In Spectroscopy and Excitation Dynamics of Condensed Molecular Systems, ed. by V.M. Agranovich, R.M. Hochstrasser ( North Holland, Amstardam 1983 )Google Scholar
  38. 3.38
    L.A. Rebane, A.A. Gorokhovskii, J.V. Kikas: Appl. Phys. B29, 235 (1982)Google Scholar
  39. 3.39
    W. Köhler, W. Breinl, J. Friedrich: J. Chem. Phys. 89, 3473 (1985)Google Scholar
  40. 3.40
    L. Kador, G. Schulte, D. Haarer: J. Phys. Chem. 90, 1264 (1986)Google Scholar
  41. 3.41
    J. Friedrich, D. Haarer. J. Chem. Phys. 76, 61 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 3.42
    A.A. Gorokhovskii, R. Kaarli, L.A. Rebane: Opt. Commun. 16, 282 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 3.43
    A.A. Gorokhovskii, L.A. Rebane: Opt. Commun. 20, 144 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 3.44
    S. Völker, R.M. Macfarlane, J.H. van der Waals: Chem. Phys. Lett. 53, 8 (1978)ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 3.45
    S. Völker, R.M. Macfarlane: Chem. Phys. Lett. 61, 426 (1979)Google Scholar
  46. 3.46
    D.E. McCumber, M.D. Sturge: J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1682 (1963)ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 3.47
    A. Abragam: The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism ( Clarendon, Oxford 1962 )Google Scholar
  48. 3.48
    C.A. Van’T Hof, J. Schmid: Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 457 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 3.49
    C.D. Harris, R.M. Shelby, P.A. Cornelius: Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1415 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 3.50
    A.R. Gutierrez, G. Castro, G. Schulte, D. Haarer. In Organic Molecular Aggregates, ed. by P. Reineker, H. Haken, H.C. Wolf, Springer Ser. Solid-State Sci., Vol. 49 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1983)Google Scholar
  51. 3.51
    P.M. Selzer, D.L. Huber, D.S. Hamilton, W.M. Yen, M.J. Weber. Phys. Rev. Lett 36, 813 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 3.52
    J. Hegarty, W.M. Yen: Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1126 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 3.53
    R.T. Brundage, W.M. Yen: Phys. Rev. B33, 4436 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 3.54
    P. Avouris, A. Campion, M.A. El-Sayed: J. Chem. Phys. 67, 3397 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 3.55
    J.R. Morgan, M.A. El-Sayed: Chem. Phys. Lett. 84, 215 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 3.56
    J.M. Hayes, R.P. Stout, G.J. Small: J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4129 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 3.57
    J.M. Hayes, R.P. Stout, G.J. Small: J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4266 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 3.58
    R.C. Zeller, R.O. Pohl: Phys. Rev. B4, 2029 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 3.59
    P.W. Anderson, B.J. Halperin, C.M. Varma: Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972)ADSMATHGoogle Scholar
  60. 3.60
    W.A. Phillips: J. Low Temp. Phys. 7, 351 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 3.61
    T.L. Reinecke: Solid State Commun. 32, 1103 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 3.62
    S.K. Lyo, R. Orbach: Phys. Rev. B22, 4223 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 3.63
    S.K. Lyo: Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 688 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 3.
    S.K. Lyo: In Optical Spectroscopy of Glasses,ed. by I. Zschokke-Gränacher (Reidel, Dordrecht) in pressGoogle Scholar
  65. 3.65
    D.L. Huber, M.M. Broer, B. Golding: Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2281 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. 3.
    P. Reineker, H. Morawitz: Chem. Phys. Lett. 86 359 (1982)Google Scholar
  67. 3.67
    P. Reineker, H. Morawitz, K. Kasser: Phys. Rev. B29, 4546 (1983)Google Scholar
  68. 3.68
    B. Jackson, R. Silbey: Chem. Phys. Lett. 99, 331 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 3.69
    S.K. Lyo, R. Orbach: Phys. Rev. B 29, 2300 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 3.70
    S.K. Lyo: In Organic Molecular Aggregates, ed. by P. Reineker, H. Haken, H.C. Wolf, Springer Ser. Solid-State Sci., Vol. 49 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1983 )Google Scholar
  71. 3.71
    P. Reineker, K. Kassner: In Optical Spectroscopy of Glasses,ed. by I. Zschokke-Gränacher (Reidel, Dordrecht) in pressGoogle Scholar
  72. 3.72
    J.M. Hayes, R. Jankowiak, G.J. Small: see Chap.5 of this bookGoogle Scholar
  73. 3.73
    H.P.H. Thijssen, A.I.M. Dicker, S. Völker. Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 7 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  74. 3.74
    H.P.H. Thijssen, S. Völker, M. Schmidt, H. Port Chem. Phys. Lett 94, 537 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. 3.75
    H.P.H. Thijssen, R.E. van den Berg, S. Völker. Chem. Phys. Lett. 97, 295 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 3.76
    H.P.H. Thijssen, R.E. van den Berg. S. Völker: Chem. Phys. Lett. 103, 23 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. 3.77
    H.P.H. Thijssen, S. Völker. Chem. Phys. Lett. 120, 496 (1985)Google Scholar
  78. 3.78
    H.P.H. Thijssen, R.E. van den Berg, S. Völker. Chem. Phys. Lett. 120, 503 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. 3.79
    S. Alexander, R. Orbach: J. Physique Lett. 43, L-625 (1982)Google Scholar
  80. 3.80
    R. Jankowiak, H. Bässler, R. Silbey: Chem. Phys. Lett. 125, 139 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 3.81
    M.M. Broer, W. Haemmerle, J.R. Simpson, D.L. Hubert Phys. Rev. B33, 4160 (1986)Google Scholar
  82. 3.82
    J.L. Black, B.J. Halperin: Phys. Rev. B16, 2879 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 3.83
    J.R. Klauder, P.W. Anderson: Phys. Rev. 125, 912 (1962)ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. 3.84
    W.B. Mims: Phys. Rev. 168, 370 (1968)ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. 3.85
    S. Hunklinger, M. Schmidt: Z. Phys. B 54, 93 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  86. 3.86
    R.W. Macfarlane, R.M. Shelby: Optics Commun. 45, 46 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. 3.87
    R.M. Shelby, Opt. Lett. 8, 88 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. 3.88
    H.W.H. Lee, A.L. Huston, M. Gehrtz, W.E. Moerner: Chem. Phys. Lett. 114, 491 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  89. 3.89
    L.W. Molenkamp, D.A. Wiersma J. Chem. Phys. 83, 1 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. 3.90
    F.A. Burkhalter. G.W. Suter, U.P. Wild, V.D. Samoilenko, N.V. Rasumova, R.I. Personov: Chem. Phys. Lett. 94, 483 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. 3.91
    R. Jankowiak, H. Bassler: Chem. Phys. Lett. 95, 310 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  92. 3.92
    J. Friedrich, H. Woifrum, D. Haarer J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  93. 3.93
    T.P. Carter. B.L. Fearey, J.M. Hayes, G.J. Small: Chem. Phys. Lett. 102, 272 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. 3.94
    T.P. Carter, G.J. Small: Chem. Phys. Lett. 120, 178 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. 3.95
    A.A. Gorokhovski, V.Rh. Korrovits, V.V. Pal’m, M.A. Trummal: JETP Lett. 42, 307 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  96. 3.96
    W.A. Phillips (ed.): Amorphous Solids, Topics Curr. Phys., Vol. 24 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1981 )Google Scholar
  97. 3.97
    J. Friedrich, D. Haarer. In Optical Sepctroscopy in Glasses,ed. by I. Zschokke-Gränacher (Reidel, Dordrecht) in pressGoogle Scholar
  98. 3.98
    J. Jäckle: Z. Phys. 257, 212 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. 3.99
    W. Breinl, J. Freidrich, D. Haarer. Chem. Phys. Lett. 106, 487 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  100. 3.100
    W. Breinl, J. Friedrich, D. Haarer. J. Chem. Phys. 80, 3496 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. 3.101
    W. Breinl, J. Friedrich, D. Haarer. J. Chem. Phys. 81, 3915 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  102. 3.102
    B.L. Fearey, G.J. Small: Chem. Phys. 101, 269 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  103. 3.103
    B.L. Fearey, T.P. Carter, G.J. Small: Chem. Phys. 101, 279 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  104. 3.104
    W.E. Moerner, P.Pokrowsky, F.M. Schellenberg, G.C. Bjorklund: Phys. Rev. B 33, 5702 (1986)Google Scholar
  105. 3.105
    T. Doba, K.U. Ingold, W. Siebrand, T.A. Wieldmann: Chem. Phys. Lett. 115, 51 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. 3.106
    W. Richert, H. Bässler. Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 302 (1985)Google Scholar
  107. 3.107
    R. Jankowiak. R. Richert, H. Bässler: J. Phys. Chem. 89, 4569 (1985)Google Scholar
  108. 3.108
    C. Aubert, J. Fünfschilling, I. Zschokke-Gränacher, T.A. Wildmann, W. Sie-brand: Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 465 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  109. 3.109
    A.A. Gorokhovskii, J.V. Kikas, V.V. Palm, L.A. Rebane: Fiz. Tverd.Tela. 23, 1140 (1981)Google Scholar
  110. 3.110
    R. Kohlrausch: Ann. Phys. 12, 393 (1847) (Leipzig)Google Scholar
  111. 3.111
    G. Williams, D. Watts: Trans. Faraday Soc. 66, 80 (1970)Google Scholar
  112. 3.112
    M. Inokuti, F. Hirayama: J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965)Google Scholar
  113. 3.113
    J. Friedrich, A. Blumen: Phys. Rev. B32, 1434 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. 3.114
    J. Friedrich, D. Haarer, R. Silbey: Chem. Phys. Lett. 95, 119 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. 3.115
    R.O. Pohl: In Amorphous Solids,ed. by W.A. Phillips, Topics Curr. Phys., Vol.24 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1981) Chap.3Google Scholar
  116. 3.116
    W.H. Hesselink, D.A. Wiersma J. Chem. Phys. 75, 4192 (1981)Google Scholar
  117. 3.117
    G. Schulte, W. Grond, D. Haarer, R. Silbey: J. Chem. Phys. in printGoogle Scholar
  118. 3.118
    C.A. Walsh, M. Berg, L.R. Narasimhan, M.D. Fayer. Chem. Phys. Lett. 130, 6 (1986)Google Scholar
  119. 3.119
    C.A. Walsh, M. Berg, L.R. Narasimhan, M.D. Fayer. J. Chem. Phys. 86, 77 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  120. 3.120
    W.E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A.L. Huston: J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984)Google Scholar
  121. 3.121
    M. Maier: Appl. Phys. B41, 73 (1986)Google Scholar
  122. 3.122
    V.D. Samoilenko, N.V. Razumova, R.I. Personov: Opt. Sopectrosc. 52, 346 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. 3.123
    U. Bogner, P. Schätz, M. Maier: Chem. Phys. Lett. 102, 267 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. 3.124
    L. Kador, D. Haarer, R.I. Personov: J. Chem. Phys. 86, 5300 (1987) 3.125 U.P. Wild, E. Bucher, F.A. Burkhalter. Appl. Opt. 24, 1526 (1985)Google Scholar
  125. 3.126
    W. Richter, G. Schulte, D. Haarer. Opt. Commun. 51, 412 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  126. 3.127
    Th. Sesselmann, W. Richter, D. Haarer. Europhys. Lett. 2, 947 (1986); Th. Sesselmann: Diplomarbeit, Bayreuth 1985Google Scholar
  127. 3.128
    P.C. Johnson, H.W. Offen: J. Chem. Phys. 57, 336 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  128. 3.129
    W.W. Robertson: J. Chem. Phys. 33, 362 (1961)ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. 3.130
    S.J. Lin: J. Chem. Phys. 59, 4458 (1973)ADSGoogle Scholar
  130. 3.131
    D. Curie, D.E. Berry, F. Williams: Phys. Rev. B20, 2323 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  131. 3.132
    C.P. Slichter, H.G. Drickamer. Phys. Rev. B22, 4097 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  132. 3.133
    A.L. Huston, W.E. Moerner. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B1, 349 (1984)Google Scholar
  133. 3.134
    W.E. Moerner, A.L. Huston: Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1181 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  134. 3.135
    Th. Sesselmann, W. Richter, D. Haarer, H. Morawitz Phys. Rev. B (1987) in printGoogle Scholar
  135. 3.136
    L. Kador, R. Personov, W. Richter, Th. Sesselmann, D. Haarer: Polymer J. 19, 61 (1987)Google Scholar
  136. 3.137
    Th. Sesselmann, W. Richter, D. Haarer: J. Luminescence 36, 263 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Haarer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations