Polyacetylene Segments in a Polyvinylidene-Chloride Matrix: Anisotropic Optical Properties

  • G. Leising
  • B. Ankele
  • H. Kahlert
  • P. Knoll
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 76)


Thermal degradation of polyvinylidene-chloride (PVDC) under applied mechanical stress leads to the formation of oriented conjugated sequences embedded in the PVDC matrix. Polarized infrared spectra show absorptions related to C-H- vibrations with a polarization dependence typical for polyacetylene. Transmission spectra in the visible range show highly anisotropic properties even at low concentration of conjugated bonds. Distinct absorptions in the perpendicular polarization can be attributed to different conjugation lengths. Long-time storage in air results in a polarized absorption peak in the band gap region, which can be completely removed by long-time compensation with NH3.


Optical Absorption Spectrum Polarization Dependence Conjugation Length Chain Axis Perpendicular Polarization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W.P. Su, J.R. Schrieffer and A.J. Heeger: Phys.Rev.Lett. 42, 1698 (1979); Phys.Rev. B22, 2099 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Baeriswyl and K. Maki: Phys.Rev. B28, 2068 (1983)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Suzuki, M. Ozaki, S. Etemad, A.J. Heeger and A.G. MacDiarmid: Phys.Rev.Lett. 45, 1209 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Ankele, G. Leising and H. Kahlert: Solid State Commun. 62, 245 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Uitz, G. Temmel, G. Leising and H. Kahlert: Z.Phys.B, Condensed Matter (in print)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Shirakawa and S, Ikeda: Polymer Journal 2, 231 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Fink and G. Leising: Phys.Rev. B34, 5320 (1986)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.J. Bowley, D.L. Gerrard and W.F. Maddams: Makromol. Chem. 188, 899 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Leising
    • 1
  • B. Ankele
    • 1
  • H. Kahlert
    • 1
  • P. Knoll
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für FestkörperphysikTechnische Universität GrazGrazAustria
  2. 2.Institut für ExperimentalphysikKarl-Franzens-Universität GrazGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations