No simple conclusion emerges from this analysis. A point repeatedly made is that what appear to be technical constraints in an organizational context turn out to be objects of economic choice, at least in the long run. These include such crucial variables as size of task, span of control, loss of control, and the productivity of operatives.


Substi Tuting 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin J. Beckmann
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Angewandte MathematikTechnische Universität MünchenMünchen 2Germany

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