Operations on the Breast

  • F. W. Schildberg
  • E. Kiffner


Lesions of uncertain nature that are detected by palpation, mammography, or sonography are an indication for incisional biopsy. Despite advances in aspiration cytology, the open excision and subsequent histologic examination of breast tissue, though more costly, offers the most dependable proof of the nature of breast disease. In all open biopsies an effort should be made to excise the lesion completely with adequate margins, even if this involves an appreciable sacrifice of breast tissue.


Skin Flap Axillary Dissection Radical Mastectomy Modify Radical Mastectomy Preoperative Preparation 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. W. Schildberg
  • E. Kiffner

There are no affiliations available

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