Surgical operations on the chest and chest wall and in the thoracic cavity require knowledge of many general and specialized techniques. The relatively poor accessibility of the thoracic cavity through the bony thorax requires the use of special positions to ensure optimum exposure with minimal trauma. To aid the operating team in organizing and preparing for thoracic procedures, we present the basic surgical techniques (of the approaches, etc.) along with the necessary materials and instrumentation. Besides possessing a knowledge of general surgical techniques, the operator must be experienced in vascular surgery, bone surgery, plastic surgery, and perhaps even microsurgery as well as in the use of modern stapling instruments. The list of necessary surgical instruments makes this clear.
KeywordsCatheter Foam Rubber Dexon Sponge
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