Modeling of Earthquake Site Ground Motion Parameters Important for Damage Estimation

  • Anne S. Kiremidjian
  • Shigeru Suzuki
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Engineering book series (LNENG, volume 31)


The time-dependent earthquake occurrence model of Kiremidjian and Anagnos is combined with a wave propagation model to simulate earthquake ground motions at a site. The time-dependent earthquake occurrences are represented by a Markov renewal process. Ground motion estimates at a site are obtained using the normal mode method. The ground motion forecasts are obtained in various forms including time histories, response spectral values, Fourier spectra, and power spectral densities. When the occurrence and wave propagation models are combined, the seismic risk to a structure over its economic life can be expressed in terms of any of these parameters. Applications to sites in Mexico City subjected to earthquakes along the Middle America Trench indicate that the consideration of seismic gaps is one important feature which is captured and well represented by the time-dependent recurrence model. From the same application it is shown that characteristics of ground motion important for design and damage evaluation, such as peak values, predominant frequencies, and duration are better represented provided the source mechanism can be described reasonably well.


Ground Motion Power Spectral Density Strong Motion Strong Ground Motion Seismic Hazard Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne S. Kiremidjian
    • 1
  • Shigeru Suzuki
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, The John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering CenterStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Tokyo Electric Power Services, LTDTokyoJapan

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