Advertisement

The Effects of Youth Unemployment: A Review of the Literature

  • V. L. Damstrup
Part of the Health Systems Research book series (HEALTH)

Abstract

Young adults and teenagers are engaged in work on a much smaller scale than older workers. Young people are engaged less in work because they are still in school, or they are involved in leisure activities. Some, on the other hand, would like to work, but find it difficult obtaining employment. The transition from school to employment is a process that involves searching and changing jobs before deciding on a more or less permanent employment. Today, more than ever, youths have a lower rate of employment, hence there has been much concern about the youth labor market.

Keywords

Young People Labor Force Vocational Training Young Person School Dropout 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams AV, Mangum GL (1978) The lingering crises of youth unemployment. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, MichiganGoogle Scholar
  2. Auletta K (1982) The underclass. Random House, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Banks E (1980) The use of the General Health Questionnaire as an indicator of mental health in occupational studies. J Occup Psychol 53: 187–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berryman S (1978) Youth unemployment and career education. Publ Pol 26: 29–69Google Scholar
  5. Blau FD (1979) Youth and jobs: participation and unemployment rates. Youth Soc 111: 32–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonus ME (1982) Preliminary descriptive analysis of employed and unemployed youth. Center for Human Research, OhioGoogle Scholar
  7. Bowers N (1979) Youth and marginal: an overview of youth unemployment. Monthly Labour Review, October: 4–6Google Scholar
  8. Braginsky DD, Braginsky BA (1975) Surplus people: their lost faith in self and system. Psychol Today 3: 8–72Google Scholar
  9. Braverman M (1981) Youth unemployment and the work with young adults. J Library Hist 6: 355–364Google Scholar
  10. Brenner H (1979) Estimating the social cost of national economic policy: implications for mental and physical health and criminal aggression. Government Printing Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  11. Brenner SO (1984) Process homogeneity and the process of becoming socially vulnerable. Paper presented at the 3rd international conference on system science in health care, Munich, 16–20 JulyGoogle Scholar
  12. Brockington D, White R (1983) United Kingdom: non-formal education in a context of youth unemployment. Prospects 13: 73–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bschor R (1984) Recent trends in fatalities among young Berliners: suicides, drug addicts, traffic accidents. Paper presented at the 3rd international conference on system science in health care, Munich, 16–20 JulyGoogle Scholar
  14. CEDEFOP (1980) Youth unemployment and vocational training: transition from school to work. Summary of results of a CEDEFOP conference, Berlin, 11–12 November European Centre for the Development of Vocational TrainingGoogle Scholar
  15. Casson M (1979) Youth unemployment. Holmes and Meir, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Cohn R (1978) The effect of employment status change on self attitude. Soc Psychol 41: 81–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Coleman JC (1973) Life stress and maladaptive behaviour. Am J Occup Ther 27: 169–180Google Scholar
  18. Coles R (1971) On the meaning of work. Atlantic Monthly 228: 103–104Google Scholar
  19. Cooke G (1982) Special needs beyond sixteen. Spec Educ Forward Trends 9: 39–41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Corvalan-Vasquez O (1983) Vocational training of disadvantaged youth in developing countries. Int Labour Ref 122: 367–379Google Scholar
  21. Daniel WW, Stilque E (1977) Is youth unemployment really a problem? New Soc 10: 287–289Google Scholar
  22. Donovan A, Oddy M (1982) Psychological aspects of unemployment: an investigation into the emotional and social adjustment of school leavers. J Adolesc 5: 15–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dussuyer I (1984) Becoming socially invulnerable: the use of social support and social networks. Paper presented at the 3rd international conference on system service in health care, Munich, 16–20 JulyGoogle Scholar
  24. Earls F (1978) The social reconstruction of adolescence: toward an explanation for increasing rates of violence in youth. Perspect Biol Med 22: 65–82PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Eisner V (1966) Health of enrollees in neighborhood youth corps. Pediatrics 38: 40–43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. English J (1970) Not as a patient: psychological development in a job training program. Am J Orthopsychiatry 40: 142–150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Feather NT, Barber JG (1983) Depressive reaction and unemployment. J Appl Psychol 92: 185–195Google Scholar
  28. Finlay-Jones R, Eckhardt B (1981) Psychiatric disorder among the young unemployed. Aust NZ Psychiatry 15: 265–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Fyfe J (1978) Youth unemployment: an international perspective. Int J Soc Econ 5: 51–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ginzberg E (1980) Youth unemployment. Sci Am 242: 531–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gordon M (1979) Youth education and unemployment problems: an international perspective. Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  32. Gurney M (1980) Effects of unemployment on the psycho-social development of school leavers. Occup Psychol 53: 205–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Guttentag M (1966a) The parallel institutions of the Poverty act evaluating their effect on the unemployed youth and existing institutions of America. Am J Orthopsychiatry 30: 643–651Google Scholar
  34. Guttentag M (1966b) The relationship of unemployment to crime and delinquency. J Soc Issues 26: 105–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Harris RD (1980) Unemployment and its effects on the teenager. Aust Fam Physician 9: 546–553PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Husain H (1981) Employment in my practice. Br Med J 283: 26–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. ILO: International Labor Organization (1982) ILO Yearbook of Statistics. ILO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  38. Jahoda M (1982) Employment and unemployment: a social-psychological analysis. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  39. Kieselbach T (1984) Self-disclosure and health seeking behaviour as determinants of vulnerability. Paper presented at the 3rd international conference on system science in health care, Munich, 16–20 JulyGoogle Scholar
  40. Koller K (1980) Youth unemployment: the special case of young women youth unemployment. Aust J Soc 15: 43–48Google Scholar
  41. Kosky R (1980) Unemployment and the mental health of adolescents. Aust Fam Physician 9: 845–848PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Land T (1977) The leisure generation demands a livelihood. Int Perspect Dec/Jan: 29–31Google Scholar
  43. Levine S (1979) Adolescents, believing and belonging. Adolesc Psychiatry 7: 41–53Google Scholar
  44. Levine S (1982) The psychological and social effects of youth unemployment. Adolescence 10: 24–40Google Scholar
  45. Macht LB, Scheerl DJ (1974) Adjustment phases and mental health interventions among job corps trainees. Psychiatry 37: 229–237PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Maitland E (1981) Transition from education to working life: pointers from European communities action programs. J Adolesc 6: 27–45Google Scholar
  47. McGavin PA (1981) School participation of Australians aged sixteen: an analysis of youth employment. Economic Record, December 1981: 379–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. McLachlan P (1981) Teenage exeriences in a violent society. J Adolesc 285–294Google Scholar
  49. Melvyn P (1977) Youth unemployment in industrialized market countries. Int Lab Rev 116: 1 23–36Google Scholar
  50. Neff WS (1971) Work and human behaviour. Hum Biol 7: 177–191Google Scholar
  51. O’Brian GE (1978) Adjustment of the unemployed. Australian National Institute of Labour Studies (Working papers series, no 29 )Google Scholar
  52. OECD (1980) Youth unemployment: the causes and consequencesGoogle Scholar
  53. OECD (1984) The nature of youth unemployment: an analysis for policy makersGoogle Scholar
  54. OECD (1984) Employment outlook.Google Scholar
  55. Osterman P (1981) Interpreting youth unemployment. New Soc 27: 344–346Google Scholar
  56. Ovenstone I (1973) Spectrum of suicidal behaviour in Edinburgh. Br J Prey Soc Med 27: 27–35Google Scholar
  57. Pahl RE (1978) Living without a job: how school leavers see the future. New Soc: 259–262Google Scholar
  58. Reubens B (1970) The hard to employ: European programs. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  59. Riessman F (1967) New interventions for disadvantaged youth. Am J Psychiatry 123: 880–882PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Rist R (1980) Confronting youth unemployment in the 1980s: rhetoric versus reality. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  61. Roberts K, Dench S, Richardson D (1984) Unemployment restructuring of youth labor markets. Paper presented in Munich, JulyGoogle Scholar
  62. Rushing WM (1968) Alcoholism and suicide rates by status, sex and occupation. Q J Stud Alcohol 29: 319–412Google Scholar
  63. Samuel P (1979) The story of unemployment. The Bulletin Nov 6thGoogle Scholar
  64. Santos R (1982) Estimating youth employment and unemployment: the national longitudinal surveys of youth labor. Rev Public Data Use 10: 127–135Google Scholar
  65. Sawdon A, Taylor D (1980) Youth unemployment. Tress House, LondonGoogle Scholar
  66. Seabrook J (1982) Unemployment. Quartet Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
  67. Seiden R (1972) Why are suicides of young blacks increasing? Health Soc 87: 13–88Google Scholar
  68. Schowler B, Sinfield A (1981) The workless state and studies in unemployment. Martin Robertson, Oxford, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  69. Sproat K (1979) Using national longitudinal surveys to track young workers. Monthly Labour Review, October: 28–33Google Scholar
  70. Wheeler L, Edmonds C (1969) A profile of drug takers. Med J Aust 2: 291–294PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. L. Damstrup

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations