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Update 1987 pp 135-140 | Cite as

The Role of Prostaglandins in ARDS

  • G. J. Slotman
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 3)

Abstract

Biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid have been implicated as causative agents of the Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). As seen in Figure 1, arachidonic acid, generated from membrane phospholipids, is metabolized via the cyclo-oxygenase pathway to the classic prostaglandins and thromboxane A2, and via the 5-lipoxygenase pathway to the leukotrienes. Of these substances, thromboxane A2, prostacyclin, prostaglandin E2 and leukotrienes B4, C4, D4, and E4 appear to be most significant in the pathophysiology of ARDS. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current knowledge of these eicosanoids and their involvement in ARDS.

Keywords

Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Thromboxane Synthetase Pulmonary Edema Fluid Acute Coronary Insufficiency Permeability Edema 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

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  • G. J. Slotman

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