Circulatory Effects of Mechanical Ventilation

  • D. M. Payen
  • S. Beloucif
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 2)

Abstract

All techniques used for positive pressure breathing — intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV), continuous positive pressure ventilation (CPPV), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or high frequency ventilation (HFV) [1] — result in an increase in intrathoracic pressure (Pinth) [2]. As mentioned in other chapters, Pinth elevation can decrease cardiac output (CO) and/or systemic arterial pressure (SAP) [3]. The magnitude of these hemodynamic changes is largely dependent on the pulmonary compliance, the level of Pinth increase, the underlying disease and the integrity of the cardiovascular reflexes.

Keywords

Ischemia Dopamine Polypeptide Angiotensin Prostaglandin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. M. Payen
  • S. Beloucif

There are no affiliations available

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