Advertisement

Coronary Risk Factors in China: A Comparative Study of Middle-aged Workers in China and Germany

  • R. Bernhardt
  • Z. Feng
  • Y. Deng
  • Z. Wang
  • J. Zeng
  • S. Cheng
  • P. Cremer
  • J. Thiery
  • D. Seidel
  • G. Schettler
Part of the Veröffentlichungen aus der Geomedizinischen Forschungsstelle der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften book series (HD AKAD, volume 1987/88 / 1987/1)

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death in both Germany and other Western industrialized nations. They are currently responsible for about 50% of all deaths and therefore contribute more to the death rate than cancer [1]. One-third of all the deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases result from coronary heart disease and resulting heart attacks. Numerous epidemiologic investigations have demonstrated that there are specific risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis. The following list ranks the most potent factors associated with coronary heart disease and heart attacks:
  1. 1.

    Hyper- and dyslipoproteinemias

     
  2. 2.

    Cigarette smoking

     
  3. 3.

    High blood pressure

     
  4. 4.

    Diabetes mellitus

     
  5. 5.

    Increased uric acid levels

     
  6. 6.

    Obesity

     

Keywords

Alcohol Consumption Uric Acid Uric Acid Level Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase Cigarette Consumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden (1984) Statistisches Jahrbuch 1983 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Kohlhammer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schettler G (1980) Pathophysiologie, Klinik und prognostische Bedeutung der Hyperlipoproteinämien. Dtsch. Ärzteblatt. 77: 661Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wilson PW, Garrison RJ, Castelli WP, Feinleib M, McNamara PM, Kannel WB (1980) Prevalence of coronary heart disease in the Framingham offspring study: Role of lipoprotein cholesterols. Am J Cardiol 46: 649Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wuhan Medical College (1982), personal informationGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    State Statistical Bureau, PRC (1983) Statistical Yearbook of China 1981. Economic Information & Agency, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen H, Zhuang H, Han Q (1983) Serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol and factors influencing its level in healthy Chinese. Atherosclerosis 48: 71PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kesteloot H, Huang DX, Yang XSh, Claes J, Rosseneu M, Geboers J, Joossens JV (1985) Serum lipids in the People’s Republic of China: Comparison of western and eastern populations. Arteriosclerosis 5: 427Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Seidel D, Cremer P (1986) Die Bedeutung von Lebensalter, relativem Körpergewicht, Rauchgewohnheiten und Alkoholgenuß für die Häufigkeit atherogener Fettstoffwechselmuster. Lebensversicherungsmedizin 11: 54Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wieland H, Seidel D (1983) A simple specific method for precipitation of low density lipoproteins. J Lipid Res 24: 904PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Siedel J, Schlumberger H, Klose S, Ziegenhorn J, Wahlefeld AW (1981) Improved reagent for the enzymatic determination of serum cholesterol. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 19: 838Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Weinstock N, Bartholome M, Seidel D (1981) Determination of apolipoprotein Al by kinetic nephelometry. Biochim Biophys Acta 663: 279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wieland H, Cremer P, Seidel D (1982) Determination of apolipoprotein B by kinetic immuno-nephelometry. J Lipid Res 23: 893PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wieland H, Seidel D (1978) Fortschritte in der Analytik des Lipoproteinmusters. Innere Med 5: 290Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Burnsteiu M, Samaille J (1960) Sur un dosage du cholestérol lié aux a-et aux ß-lipoprotéines du sérum. Clin Chim Acta 5: 609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bachorik PS, Wood PD, Albers JJ, Steiner P, Dempsey M, Kuba K, Warnick R, Karlsson L (1976) Plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations determined after removal of other lipoproteins by heparin-manganese precipitation or by ultracentrifugation. Clin Chem 22: 1828PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Friedewald WF, Levy RI, Frederikson DS (1972) Estimation of LDL-cholesterol concentration without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem 18: 499PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    SAS Institute, Inc. (1985) SAS User’s guide: statistics, version 5 edition. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary NC, pp 1–956Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Bernhardt
  • Z. Feng
  • Y. Deng
  • Z. Wang
  • J. Zeng
  • S. Cheng
  • P. Cremer
  • J. Thiery
  • D. Seidel
  • G. Schettler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations