Craniofacial Clefts 3–10

  • Louis Morales
Conference paper


Craniofacial cleft classification has been well elucidated by Drs. Tessier and Kawamoto. Although classification of various clefts has been well documented, the surgical approach and final outcome of some of these clefts are sparse. Basic craniofacial principles are utilized with individualization depending on the type of cleft encountered.


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  1. 1.
    Tessier P (1974) Anatomical classification of facial, craniofacial, and laterofacial cleft. Presented at the Symposium on Plastic Surgery in the Orbital Region, Dallas, MarchGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kawamoto HK (1976) Incidence, pathology and classification of orbital clefts and the pathology of orbital hyperteleorism. In: Symposium on Diagnosis and Treatment of Craniofacial Anomalies, Vol 20, Mosby, St. LouisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Morales
    • 1
  1. 1.Salt Lake CityUSA

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