Biochemical Mechanisms Involved in Resistance of Plants to Fungi

  • E. W. B. Ward
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 1)

Abstract

In order to survive, plants must be able to combat stresses placed upon them by a vast range of environmental agencies and overcome the effects of severe physical damage. The initial effect of wounding is to destroy the membranes of the ruptured cells. From this primary event processes are set in motion that lead to wound healing. In other words plants have some very basic mechanisms for dealing with the disorganization of cells and tissues that are initiated by the rupture of cell membranes. The possibility that the wound response is the basis of disease resistance has been raised by others [1,2,3]. This is not an unreasonable premise if wounding is considered to include membrane perturbation or damage or any disruption of normal cellular activities. It would be a reasonable economy if plants used common mechanisms to deal with stresses of different kinds, all of which ultimately disrupt tissue or cell function. Furthermore the wound is a common site of ingress for many foreign organisms that cannot infect intact tissue and again it would not be unreasonable that biochemical responses to wounding should have been selected for their usefulness in limiting invasion by microorganisms.

Keywords

Quinone Coumarin Hydrolase Glucan Isoflavone 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. W. B. Ward
    • 1
  1. 1.Agriculture Canada, London Research CentreUniversity Sub Post OfficeLondonCanada

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