Marine Diagenesis in Devonian Reef Complexes of the Canning Basin, Western Australia

  • C. Kerans
  • N. F. Hurley
  • P. E. Playford

Abstract

Marine diagenesis is widely recognized as a critical process in the development of reef complexes, both ancient and modern (James and Choquette 1983, James and Ginsburg 1979, Krebs 1969, Mountjoy and Krebs 1983, Playford 1980, 1984, Purser 1969, Schroeder 1972, Walls and Burrowes 1985). Marine cementation, together with frame-building reef organisms, is largely responsible for building reefs into rigid, wave-resistant structures with positive relief above the seafloor. Indeed, it has been suggested for some reefs that cementation was the dominant reef-building process and that they should therefore be regarded as inorganic “reefs” (Schmidt 1977).

Keywords

Porosity Compaction Petrol Sponge Dolomite 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balsam WL (1983) Carbonate dissolution on the Muir seamount (Western North Atlantic): interglacial and glacial changes. J Sediment Petrol 53: 719–731Google Scholar
  2. Bathurst RGC (1982) Genesis of stromatactis cavities between submarine crusts in Palaeozoic carbonate mud buildups. J Geol Soc Lond 139: 165–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourque PA, Gignac H (1983) Sponge-constructed stromatactis mud mounds, Silurian of Gaspe, Quebec. J Sediment Petrol 53: 521–532Google Scholar
  4. Brown SA, Boserio IM, Jackson KS, Spence KW (1984) The geologic evolution of the Canning Basin-implications for petroleum exploration. In: Purcell PG (ed) The Canning Basin, WA. Proc Geol Soc Aust and Petrol Expl Soc Aust symp Perth 1984, pp 85–96Google Scholar
  5. Etminan H, Lambert IB, Buchhorn I, Chaku S, Murphy GC (1984) Research into diagenetic and mineralising processes, Lennard Shelf reef complexes, WA. In: Purcell PG (ed) The Canning Basin, WA. Proc Geol Soc Aust and Petrol Expl Soc Aust symp Perth 1984, pp 447–453Google Scholar
  6. Given RK, Wilkinson BH (1985) Kinetic control of morphology, composition, and mineralogy of abiotic sedimentary carbonates. J Sediment Petrol 55: 109–119Google Scholar
  7. Hall WDM (1984) The stratigraphy and structural development of the Givetian-Frasnian reef complex, Limestone Billy Hills, western Pillara Range, WA. In: Purcell PG (ed) The Canning Basin, WA. Proc Geol Soc Aust and Petrol Expl Soc Aust symp Perth 1984, pp 215–222Google Scholar
  8. Halley RB, Scholle PA (1985) Radiaxial fibrous calcite as early-burial, open-system cement: isotopic evidence from Permian of China. Ann Assoc Petrol Geol Bull 69: 261Google Scholar
  9. Heckel PH (1972) Possible inorganic origin for stromatactis in calcilutite mounds in the Tully Limestone, Devonian of New York. J Sediment Petrol 42: 7–18Google Scholar
  10. Hopkins JC (1977) Production of foreslope breccia by differential submarine cementation and down-slope displacement of carbonate sands, Miette and Ancient Wall buildups, Devonian, Canada. In: Cook HE, Enos P (eds) Deep-water carbonate environments. Soc Econ Paleontol Miner Spec Publ 25: 155–170Google Scholar
  11. Hurley NF (1986) Geology of the Oscar Range Devonian reef complex, Canning Basin, Western Australia. Michigan Univ Dept Geol PhD ThesisGoogle Scholar
  12. Irwin H, Curtis C, Coleman M (1977) Isotopic evidence for source of diagenetic carbonates formed during burial of organic-rich sediments. Nature 269: 209–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. James NP, Choquette PW (1983) Diagenesis 6. Limestones-The sea floor diagenetic environment: Geosc Canada 10: 162–179Google Scholar
  14. James NP, Ginsburg RN (1979) The seaward margin of the Belize barrier and atoll reefs. Int Assoc Sediment Spec Publ 3: 1–191Google Scholar
  15. Kendall AC (1985) Radiaxial fibrous calcite: a reappraisal. In: Schneidermann N, Harris PM (eds) Carbonate cements. Soc Econ Paleontol Miner Spec Publ 36: 59–78Google Scholar
  16. Kerans C (1985) Petrology of Devonian and Carboniferous carbonates of the Canning and Bonaparte Basins. West Aust Miner Petrol Res Inst: Rept 12Google Scholar
  17. Kerans C, Playford PE (1984) Scheck breccias from Devonian reef complexes of the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Am Assoc Petrol Geol Bull 68: 495Google Scholar
  18. Krebs W (1969) Early void-filling cementation in Devonian fore-reef limestones (Germany). Sedimentology 12: 279–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Land LS, Moore CH (1980) Lithification, micritization, and syndepositional diagenesis of biolithites on the Jamaican Island slope. J Sediment Petrol 50: 357–370Google Scholar
  20. Lohmann KC, Meyers WM (1977) Microdolomite inclusions in cloudy prismatic calcites: a proposed criterion for former high-magnesium calcites. J Sediment Petrol 47: 1078–1088Google Scholar
  21. Mattes BW, Mountjoy EW (1980) Burial dolomitization of the Upper Devonian Miette buildup, Jasper National Park, Alberta. In: Zenger DH, Dunham JB, Ethington RL (eds) Concepts and models of dolomitization. Soc Econ Paleontol Miner Spec Publ 28: 259–297Google Scholar
  22. McLaren DJ (1970) Time, life and boundaries. J Pal 44: 801–815Google Scholar
  23. Middleton MF (1984) Lithospheric processes involved in the formation of the Canning Basin. 7th Aust Geol Convent Geol Soc Aust (Abstr) 12: 382–383Google Scholar
  24. Mountjoy EW, Krebs W (1983) Diagenesis of Devonian reefs and buildups, western Canada and Europe-a comparison, Z Dt Geol Ges 134: 5–60Google Scholar
  25. Playford PE (1980) Devonian “Great Barrier Reef” of Canning Basin, Western Australia. Am Asso Petrol Geol Bull 64: 814–840Google Scholar
  26. Playford PE (1981) Devonian reef complexes of the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Geol Soc Aust field trip guidebookGoogle Scholar
  27. Playford PE (1982) Devonian reef prospects in the Canning Basin: implications of the Blina oil discovery. Aust Petrol Exp Soc J 22: 258–271Google Scholar
  28. Playford PE (1984) Platform-margin and marginal-slope relationships in Devonian reef complexes of the Canning Basin. In: Purcell PG (ed) The Canning Basin, WA. Proc Geol Soc Aust and Petrol Expl Soc Aust symp Perth 1984, pp 189–214Google Scholar
  29. Playford PE, Lowry DC (1966) Devonian reef complexes of the Canning Basin, Western Australia. West Aust Geol Sury Bull 118Google Scholar
  30. Playford PE, McLaren DJ, Orth CJ, Gilmore JS, Goodfellow WD (1984) Iridium anomaly in the Upper Devonian of the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Science 226: 437–439Google Scholar
  31. Prezbindowski DR (1985) Burial cementation-is it important? A case study, Stuart City Trend, south central Texas. In: Schneidermann N, Harris PM (eds) Carbonate cements. Soc Econ Paleontol Miner Spec Publ 36: 241–264Google Scholar
  32. Purcell PG (ed) (1984) The Canning Basin, WA. Proc Geol Soc Aust and Petrol Expl Soc Aust symp Perth 1984Google Scholar
  33. Purser BH (1971) Syn-sedimentary marine lithification of Middle Jurassic limestones in the Paris Basin. Sedimentology 12: 205–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Read JF (1973a) Paleo-environments and paleogeography, Pillara Formation (Devonian) Western Australia. Can Petrol Geol Bull 21: 344–394Google Scholar
  35. Read JF (1973a) Carbonate cycles, Pillara Formation (Devonian) Canning Basin, Western Australia. Can Petrol Geol Bull 21: 38–51Google Scholar
  36. Sailer, AH (1984) Petrologic and geochemical constraints on the origin of subsurface dolomite, Eniwetok Atoll: an example of dolomitization by normal seawater. Geology (Boulder) 12: 217–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schlager W (1974) Preservation of cephalopod skeletons and carbonate dissolution on ancient Tethyian sea floors. In: Hsu KJ, Jenkyns HC (eds) Pelagic sediments on land and under the sea. Int Assoc Sediment Spec Publ 1: 71–92Google Scholar
  38. Schmidt V (1977) Inorganic and organic reef growth and subsequent diagenesis in the Permian Capitan reef complex, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico. In: Hileman ME, Mazzullo SJ (eds). Soc Econ Paleontol Miner Permian Basin Sec 77–16: 93–132Google Scholar
  39. Scholle PA, Arthur MA, Ekdale AA (1983) Pelagic environment. In: Scholle PA, Bebout DG, MooreGoogle Scholar
  40. CH (eds) Carbonate depositional environments. Am Assoc Petrol Geol Memoir 33:619–692 Schroeder JH (1972) Fabrics and sequences of submarine carbonate cements in Holocence Bermuda cup reefs. Geol Rundsch 61: 708–730Google Scholar
  41. Simms MA (1984) Dolomitization by groundwater-flow systems in carbonate platforms. Trans Gulf Coast Assoc Geol Socs 34: 411–420Google Scholar
  42. Tator BA, Hatfield LE (1975) Bahamas present complex geology, part 1. Oil Gas J Oct 1975: 172–176Google Scholar
  43. Towner RR, Gibson DL (1983) Geology of the onshore Canning Basin, Western Australia. Aust Bur Miner Res Bull 215Google Scholar
  44. Videtich PE (1985) Electron microprobe study of Mg distribution in Recent Mg-calcites and recrystallized equivalents from the Pleistocene and Tertiary. J Sediment Petrol 55: 421–429Google Scholar
  45. Walls RA, Burrowes G (1985) The role of cementation in the diagenetic history of Devonian reefs, Western Canada. In: Schneidermann N, Harris PM (eds) Carbonate cements. Soc Econ Paleontol Miner Spec Publ 36: 185–220Google Scholar
  46. Wilkinson BH, Owen RM, Carroll AR (1985) Submarine hydrothermal weathering, global eustacy, and carbonate polymorphism in Phanerozoic marine oolites. J Sediment Petrol 55: 171–184Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Kerans
    • 1
  • N. F. Hurley
    • 2
  • P. E. Playford
    • 3
  1. 1.Bureau of Economic GeologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Denver Research CenterMarathon Oil CompanyLittletonUSA
  3. 3.Department of MinesPerthAustralia

Personalised recommendations