Reflexions on the Development of Intensive Care Medicine

  • P. Lawin
Conference paper
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 1)


Intensive care medicine came into being in Europe and in the United States at the end of the fifties. It was preceded by a unique historical development.


Intensive Care Medicine Health Care Technology Acute Cardiac Failure Special Intensive Care Unit Remain Life Span 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Evans RW (1983) Health care technology and the inevitability of resource allocation and rationing decisions. part I. JAMA 15: 2047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Evans RW (1983) Health care technology and the invevitability of resource allocation and rationing decissions. part II. JAMA 16: 2208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thomas L (1971) Notes of a biology-watcher: the technology of medicine. N Engl J Med 285: 1366PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ford AB (1970) Casualties of our time. Science 167: 256PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Die Zeit“ vom 30. 9. 1982: Krankheitskosten in der Bundesrepublik DeutschlandGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    NIH Consensus Development Conference on Critical Care Medicine (1983) Report of the NIH Consensus Development Conference held on March 7–9, 1983, Bethesda. Crit Care Med 11: 466Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Peter K (1983) Intensivmedizin in jedem Krankenhaus? Vortrag gehalten auf dem Kongreß des Berufsverbandes Deutscher Anästhesisten. Berlin. Mai 1983Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Williams SV (1983) How many intensive care beds are enough? Crit Care Med 6: 412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Detsky AS, Stricker SC, Mulley AG, Thibault GE (1981) Prognosis, survival, and the expenditure of hospital resources for patients in an intensive-care unit. N Engl J Med 17: 667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bendixen HH (1977) The cost of intensive care. In: Bunker JP, Barnes BA, Mosteller F (eds). Costs, risks and benetits of surgery. Oxford University Press. New York. p 372 Boyle MH, Torrance GW, Sinclair JC, Horwood SP ( 1983 )Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lawin P, Scherer R (1980)Risikoerfassung und Risikominderung in der Intensivmedizin In: Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Anästhesiologie. Bd 17, Thieme. Stuttgart New York, p 248Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schmidt CD, Elliot CG, Carmelli D, Jensen RL, Cengiz M, Schmidt JC, Tolman ED, Clemmer TP (1983) Prolonged mechanical ventilation for respiratory failure: A cost-benefit analysis. Crit Care Med 6: 407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hannich HJ, Wendt M, Hartenauer U, Lawin P, Kolek Chr (1983) Die intensivmedizinische Behandlung in der Erinnerung von transmatologischen und postoperativen Intensivpatienten. Anästh Intensivther Notfallmed 18: 135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Opderbecke HW (1979) Grenzen der Intensivmedizin. In: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutsches Krankenhaus. 10. Deutscher Krankenhaustag (Hrsg) Kohlhammer. Köln. p 121Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Lawin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations