Acute Stress Ulceration: Incidence and Prophylaxis

  • K. Hillman
Conference paper
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 1)


Acute stress ulceration usually refers to a mucosal abnormality of the oesophagus, stomach or duodenum. It often occurs in seriously ill patients who have an acute pathophysiological disturbance, such as hypotension, hypoxia, sepsis, uraemia or ischaemia. The mucosal abnormalities range from hyperaemia to deep ulceration and occasionally perforation. Endoscopically verified mucosal erosions occur in all patients with multi-organ failure or sepsis [1]. Although the aetiology of stress ulceration is not completely understood, there are, at least, three important factors [2] (Table 1).


Stress Ulceration Mucosal Blood Flow Gastric Mucosal Blood Flow Mucosal Abnormality Gastric Blood Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

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  • K. Hillman

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