Gas Exchange Mechanisms in High-Frequency Jet Ventilation

  • J. J. Rouby
Conference paper
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 1)


High-Frequency Jet Ventilation is a new technique of positive pressure ventilation which, like other high-frequency ventilation methods, aims to ensure adequate gas exchange, using much smaller tidal volumes than those used in conventional ventilation. Theoretically, two main notions support its utilization in reanimation: a diminution in pulmonary barotrauma and reduced hemodynamic effects, related to the presence of intra-thoracic positive pressure. At the same time, the intellectual curiosity of certain clinicians and fundamental research teams, has been aroused, as to how the administration in man of small tidal volumes, close to the dead space and in frequencies ranging from 1–10 Hz, could result in adequate gas exchange.


Tidal Volume Acute Respiratory Failure Driving Pressure Conventional Ventilation Expiratory Time 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

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  • J. J. Rouby

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