Nucleate Boiling in Drag-Reducing Polymer Solutions

  • D. D. Paul
  • S. I. Abdel-Khalik
Conference paper
Part of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics book series (IUTAM)


This paper summarizes the important findings of all our previous work concerning nucleate boiling in drag-reducing polymer solutions. Nucleate boiling curves are presented for aqueous solutions of three different molecular weight grades of hydroxyethyl cellulose and three different types of polyacrylamide. The boiling curves have been measured using an electrically heated platinum wire submerged in a saturated pool of liquid at atmospheric pressure. When compared to the boiling curve of the pure solvent, in this case water, all of the polymer solution boiling curves showed higher temperature differences as the polymer solution viscosity increased. These results differ from those reported by earlier investigators for pool boiling of dilute polymer solutions on heated flat plates.

In addition, for one of the hydroxyethyl cellulose solutions and for one of the polyacrylamide solutions, the boiling bubble dynamics along with the entire heated length of the wire have been photographed using a high speed movie camera. When compared with the pure solvent boiling at the same heat flux, both polymer solutions showed a considerable decrease in the number density of active nucleation sites, slightly smaller average bubble departure diameters, and slightly higher average bubble departure frequencies. The decrease in the active nucleation site density for the polymer solutions is primarily responsible for the higher temperature differences needed to maintain the same boiling heat flux in our experiments.


Polymer Solution Boiling Curve Hydroxyethyl Cellulose Dilute Polymer Solution Bubble Departure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kotaphakdee, P. and Williams, M.C.: Enhancement of nucleate pool boiling with polymer additives. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 13 (1970) 835–848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Miaw, C.-B.: A study of heat transfer to dilute polymer solutions in nucleate pool boiling. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Michigan 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gannett, H.J. and Williams, M.C.: Pool boiling in dilute non-aqueous polymer solutions. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 14 (1971) 1001–1005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Paul, D.D. and Abdel-Khalik, S.I.: A statistical analysis of saturated nucleate boiling along a heated wire. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 26 (1983) 509–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Paul, D.D. and Abdel-Khalik, S.I.: Nucleate boiling in drag-reducing polymer solutions. Journal of Rheology 27 (1) (1983) 59–76.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hinch, E.J. and Elata, C.: Heterogeneity of dilute polymer solutions. J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech. 5 (1979) 411–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Paul, D.D.: Nucleate boiling in drag-reducing polymer solutions. Ph.d. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison 1982.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bruce, C. and Schwarz, W.H.: Rheological properties of ionic and nonionic polyacrylamide solutions. J. Polymer Sci. A-2, 7 (1969) 909–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tornita, Y. and Mochimaru, Y.: Normal stress measurement of dilute polymer solutions. J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech. 7, (1980) 235–255.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naik, S.C.; Pittman, J.F.T.; Richardson, J.F.: The rheology of hydroxyethyl cellulose solutions. Trans. Soc. Rheology 20 (4) (1976) 639–649.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rohsenow, W.M. and Hartnett, J.P. (eds.) Handbook of Heat Transfer. New York: McGraw-Hill 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. D. Paul
    • 1
  • S. I. Abdel-Khalik
    • 2
  1. 1.Batelle’s Columbus LaboratoriesColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations