Excitation, Detection and Reflexion of Rayleigh and Surface Skimming Bulk Waves

  • M. Planat
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series on Wave Phenomena book series (SSWAV, volume 2)


Since the pioneer work by RAYLEIGH [1] (1885) at the end of the last century and due to the progress of electronic techniques, Surface Wave Ultrasonics is now a subject of its own. Everybody knows that the Rayleigh wave can exist at the mechanical free surface of an elastic homogeneous half space. More mysterious are the origin and characteristics of the body waves also radiated by the excitation source. This last subject is of so strange appearance that even serious treatises of theoretical acoustics do not mention it. On the other hand physicists have encounted these radiated waves since it seems that the first interdigital transducer was introduced to transmit bulk waves at a chosen angle from the surface [2].


Rayleigh Wave Surface Acoustic Wave Lithium Niobate Bulk Wave Bulk Acoustic Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lord Rayleigh: “On waves propagated along the plane surface of an elastic solid”, Proc. London Math. Soc., 17, 4 (1885).MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Lewis: “Surface Skimming bulk Waves, SSBW”, IEEE 1977 Ultrasonics Symp. Proc., p. 744.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Lamb: “On the Propagation of Tremors over the Surface of an Elastic Solid”, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society, London A203, 1 (1904).ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Hadamard: “Leçons sur la propagation des ondes”, Hermann, Paris (1903).MATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Courant and K.O. Friedrichs: “Supersonic flow and Shock Waves”, Interscience Publishers, Inc. New York (1948).MATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Jeffrey, T. Taniuti: “Nonlinear wave Propagation with Applications to Physics and Magnetohydrogynamics”, Academic Press, New York (1964).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.D. Achenbach: “Wave Propagation in Elastic Solids”, North Holland, Amsterdam (1973).MATHGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Avramesco: “Dynamique des structures élastiques stratifiées à rigidité décroissante avec la profondeur”, Thèse, Paris, 1969.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.F. Milson, N.H.C. Reilly and M. Redwood: “Analysis of Generation and Detection of Surface and bulk Acoustic Waves by Interdigital Transducers”, IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrasonics, SU-24, 3 (1977).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Engan: “Excitation of Elastic Surface Waves by Spatial Harmonics of Interdigital Transducers”, IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices, ED-16 1014 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.G. Joshi, R.M. White: “Excitation and Detection of Surface Elastic Waves in Piezoelectric Crystals”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 46, 17 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Planet, P. Schiavone: “Efficiency of Surface Interdigital Transducers on Anisotropic Media”, J. Appl. Phys., 57, 49 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Yashiro and N. Goto: “Analysis of Generation of Acoustic Waves on the Surface of a semi-infinite Piezoelectric Solid”, IEEE Trans. Sonics and Ultrasonics, SU-25, 146 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Jhunjhunwala, J.F. Vetelino: “Spectrum of Acoustic Waves emanating from an IDT on a piezoelectric half space”, 1979 IEEE Ultrasonics Symp. Proc., p. 945.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G.F.D. Duff: “Communications on pure and Applied Mathematics”, vol. XVII 189 (1964), On Wave Fronts and Bounding Waves.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T.C. Lim, G.W. Farnell: “Character of Pseudo Surface Waves on Anisotropic Crystals”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 45, 845 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K.H. Yen, K.L. Wang, R.S. Kagiwada: “Efficient bulk wave Excitation on ST Quartz”, Electronics Letters, 13, 37 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P.D. Bloch, H.G. Doe, E.G.S. Paige, M. Yamaguchi: “Observations on Surface Skimming bulk Waves and other Waves Launched from an IDT on Lithium Niobate”, 1981 IEEE Ultrasonics Symp. Proc., p. 268.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.A. Coquin, H.F. Tiersten: “Analysis of the Excitation and Detection of Piezoelectric Surface Waves in Quartz by means of Surface Electrodes”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 41, 921 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E.A. Ash: “Surface wave Grating Reflectors and Resonators”, IEEE 1975 Symp. on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Newport Beach, CA, p. 11.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H.S. Tuan, J.P. Parekh: “Theory for SAW Grooved Reflector Arrays”, IEEE Trans. Sonics and Ultrasonics, SU-24, 6 (1977).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Schiavone, M. Planat: “Reflection of Surface Acoustic Waves by Grooves and Strips on Anisotropic Media”, Proc. of Ultrason. Int. Conf., London (1985).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.S. Schoenwald, W.R. Schreve, R.C. Rosenfeld: “Surface Acoustic wave Resonator Development”, Proc. 29th Ann. Freq. Cont. Symp., 150 (1975).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    B.A. Auld, D.F. Thomson: “Temperature Compensation of Surface Transverse Waves for Stable Oscillator Applications using Shallow Gratings”, IEEE 1884 Ultrason. Symp. Proc., p. 213.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A.D. Lapin: “Reciprocal Conversion of Surface and bulk Acoustic Waves at Periodic Corrugations and Inhomogeities of the Boundary of a Solid” (review), Sov. Phys. Acoust., 29, 123 (1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Planat
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique et Métrologie des Oscillateurs du C.N.R.S.associé à l’Université de Franche-Comté-BesançonBesançonFrance

Personalised recommendations