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Alcohol, Tobacco and Oesophageal Cancer: An International Comparison

  • P. Ghadirian
  • J.-P. Thouez
Part of the Medicolegal Library book series (MEDICOLEGAL, volume 6)

Abstract

Numerous case-control studies have been carried out in different parts of the world regarding the role of alcohol in the development of oesophageal cancer. Since at least in the West, heavy drinkers are frequently smokers and inasmuch as several studies have indicated that the combination of alcohol and tobacco has a higher risk than the use of either substance alone, the best studies are those which permit assessment of both the independent and the combined effect of these two factors. All evidence concerning both alcohol and tobacco is considered together in this chapter.

Keywords

Alcoholic Beverage Heavy Drinker Oesophageal Cancer Tobacco Consumption Male Case 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Ghadirian
  • J.-P. Thouez

There are no affiliations available

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