What Can Professional Psychotherapists Do About Heroin Addiction?

  • B. K. Alexander
Part of the Medicolegal Library book series (MEDICOLEGAL, volume 6)


I believe professional psychotherapists can help control the problem of opiate addiction — but that there are also crucial limitations to be recognized. Therefore, I believe, a critical analysis is needed.


Heroin Addict Alcoholic Anonymous Heroin Addiction Opiate Addiction Heroin Dependence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Alexander BK (1984) When experimental psychology is not empirical enough: The case of the exposure orientation. Can Psychol 2: 84–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alexander BK, Hadaway PF (1982) Opiate addiction: The case for an adaptive orientation. Psycho) Bull 92: 367–381Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alexander BK, Hadaway PF (1981) Theories of opiate addiction: Time for pruning. J Drug Iss 11: 77–91Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bale RN, Van Stone WW, Kuldair JM, Engelsing TMJ, Elashoff R, Zarcone VP (to be published) Three therapeutic communities: A prospective controlled study of narcotic addiction treatment: Process and two year follow-up results. Arch Gen PsychiatryGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beecher HK (1959) Measurement of subjective responses: Quantitative effects of drugs. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berridge V, Edwards G (1981) Opium and the people: Opiate use in nineteenth-century England. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Blum RH (1979) Controlling heroin addict crime. J Drug Iss 9: 311–316Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chein I, Gerard DL, Lee RS, Rosenfeld E (1964) The road to H: Narcotics delinquincy and social policy. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Corman AG, Khantzian EJ (1976) Psychiatric care of a methadone patient. Psychiatr Ann 6: 4–10Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cummings C, Gordon JR, Marlatt GA (1980) Relapse: Prevention and prediction. In: Miller WR (ed) The addictive behaviors: Treatment of alcoholism, drug abuse, smoking and obesity. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Falk JL (1983) Drug dependence: Myth or motive. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 19: 385–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fingarette H, Hasse AF (1979) Mental disabilities and criminal responsibility. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harding WM, Zinberg NE, Stelmack SM, Barry M (1980) Formerly-addicted now-controlled opiate users. Int J Addict 15: 47–60Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jaffe JH, Martin WR (1980) Opioid analgesics and antagonists. In: Gilman AG, Goodman LS, Gilman A (eds) Goodman and Gilman’s The pharmacological basis of therapeutics, 6th edn. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jorquez JS (1983) The retirement phase of heroin using careers. J Drug Iss 13: 343–365Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kaplan EH, Wieder H (1974) Drugs don’t take people, people take drugs. Lyle Stuart, SecancusGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Khantzian EJ (1974) Opiate addiction: A critique of theory and some implications for treatment. Am J Psychother 28: 59–70Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lasagna L, Felsinger JM von, Beecher HK (1955) Drug-induced mood changes in man. JAMA 157: 1006–1020Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mahoney MJ (to be published) Psychotherapy and human change processes. In: Psychotherapy research and behavior change. American Psychological Association, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    O’Brien CP (1976) Experimental analysis of conditioning factors in human narcotic addiction. Pharmacol Rev 27: 533–543Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Peele S (to be published) Addiction to an experience. Lexington Books, Lexington, Mass.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Peele S, Brodsky A (1975) Love and addiction. New American Library of Canada, Scarborough, OntarioGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Robins LN, Murphy GE (1967) Drug use in a normal population of young negro men. Public Health 57: 1580–1596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rounsaville BJ, Weissman MM, Kleber H, Wilder C (1982) Heterogeneity of psychiatric diagnosis in treated opiate addicts. Arch Gen Psychiatry 39: 161–166Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sells SB, Simpson DD (1980) The case for drug abuse treatment effectiveness, based on the DARP research program. Br J Addict 75: 117–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Smith GM, Beecher HK (1962) Subjective effects of heroin and morphine in normal subjects. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 136: 47–52Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stanton MD, Todd TC et al. (1982) The family therapy of drug abuse and addiction. Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Szasz T (1982) The war against drugs. J Drug Iss 12: 115–122Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Teasdale JD (1973) Conditioned abstinence in narcotic addicts. Int J Addict 8: 273–292Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Trebach AS (1982) The heroin solution. Yale University Press, New Haven, ConnecticutGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Waldorf D (1983) Natural recovery from opiate addiction: Some social-psychological processes of untreated recovery. J Drug Iss 13: 237–280Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Waldorf D, Biernacki P (1981) The natural recovery from drug addiction: Some preliminary findings. J Drug Iss 11: 61–74Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Waldorf D, Biernacki P (1979) Natural recovery from heroin addiction. J Drug Iss 9: 281–289Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wille R (1983) Processes of recovery from heroin dependence: Relationship to treatment, social changes, and drug use. J Drug Iss 13: 333–342Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Winick C (1962) Maturing out of narcotic addiction. Bull Narc 14: 1–7Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wishnie H (1977) The impulsive personality. Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Wolpe J, Groves GA, Fischer S (1980) Treatment of narcotic addiction by inhibition of graving: Contending with a cherished habit. Compr Psychiatr 21: 308–316Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Woody GE, Luborsky L, McLellan T, O’Brien CP, Beck AT, Blaine J, Herman I, Hole A (1983) Psychotherapy for opiate addicts: Does it help? Achr Gen Psychiatry 40: 639–645Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Wurmser L (1978) The hidden dimension: Psychodynamics in compulsive drug use. Jason Arm-son, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. K. Alexander

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations