Chloroplasts as a Whole

  • G. A. Berkowitz
  • M. Gibbs
Part of the Modern Methods of Plant Analysis book series (MOLMETHPLANT, volume 1)

Abstract

Since the publication of the last edition of this series, the scope and depth of our understanding of the nature and regulation of photosynthesis has taken a rapid leap forward. Advancements in three areas are most noteable. The compartmentalization of photosynthetic processes has been elucidated with regards to different plant types (C3, C4, CAM, and intermediates of these classes). The regulatory interaction of the photochemical activities of the thylakoid and the functioning of the enzymes involved in carbon metabolism in the stroma; both in terms of photochemical mediated pH, Mg2+, and light regulation of photosynthetic enzymes and the effects of carbon metabolism in the stroma on the redox poising of the photochemical apparatus have been characterized. Also significant is the advancement in our understanding of the regulation of plastic localized carbon metabolism by extra-chloroplastic milieu parameters such as pH, and the level of cation, Pi, energy charge and reducing equivalents; most likely representing an interdependence of chloroplast, cytoplasmic, and mitochondrial activities in situ.

Keywords

Sucrose Trypsin HEPES Dium Pyrophosphate 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Berkowitz
  • M. Gibbs

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