The Dispersion Effect of Resonance Raman Lines in trans-Polyacetylene

  • H. Kuzmany
  • P. Knoll
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 63)

Abstract

In Raman experiments the frequency shift ν between incident light and light scattered from a sample is an intrinsic property of the scatterer and thus expected to be independent from the energy of the incident light. Deviations from this behaviour are indicative for sample inhomogeneities as e.g. surface depletion layers in semiconductors [1] or defects in polyenes [2,3]. Amongst the latter,trans-polyacetylene is the most studied and — because of its high crystallinity — the best defined system. In this polymer some of the Raman lines,and particularly those with a large C=C stretch contribution to their normal coordinates,show a frequency upshift Δν of as much as 65 cm−1/eV or even 95 cm−1/eV for the deuterated analogue [4,5]. Since this shift is established by a scattering process with photons of various k-vektors, and thus apparently due to a change of the q-vector of the involved phonons, the effect is somewhat misleadingly called a dispersion. More recently, a careful sample preparation revealed that not the whole Raman line itself shifts with increasing excitation energy, but rather a satellite line developing on the high frequency side of the main line [6]. Fig.1 shows as an example Raman spectra of trans-polyacetylene excited with red and blue laser light and in comparison,a spectrum for a polymer of predominantly cis-geometry. The red light excited spectrum for the trans-polymer shows two narrow and nearly symmetric strong lines at 1078 cm−1 and 1458 cm−1 for the CC-stretching modes.

Keywords

Quartz Macromolecule Polyaniline Acetylene Polypyrrole 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Kuzmany
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Knoll
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für FestkörperphysikUniversität WienWienAustria
  2. 2.Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für FestkörperphysikWienAustria

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