Simulation and Pilot Training at the Panama Canal

  • Robert D. Valentine
Conference paper


Several years ago, the Panama Canal Commission began to have concern about its ability to adequately train pilots in the future. There were several sound reasons for this disquietude. The emergence of the shiphandling simulator appeared to offer relief. Following a somewhat exhaustive investigation, the Canal management elected to tentatively supplement the regular training with a course of instruction on a shiphandling simulator. The reasons for the choice of facilities as well as the problems in the development of a viable and acceptable (to the pilots) program are discussed. The present status of the program and the role of the micro-simulator in that program are also presented in this paper.


Simulator Training Panama Canal Maritime Industry Pilot Training Motor Ship 
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  2. Hamrnell, T.J., and Gardenier, J.S., (1984), Bridge simulator training system differences: third mate — pilot, Proceedings MARSIM ’84Google Scholar
  3. Panama Canal Commission, (1982), A Report on the Issue of Simulator Training for Pilots, unpublished.Google Scholar
  4. Perdok, J and Elzinga, Th., (1984), The application of microsimulators in port design and shiphandling training courses, Proceedings MARSIM ’84.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert D. Valentine
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.International Maritime Consultants, IncPalm HarborUSA
  2. 2.Panama Canal CommissionPilot Training UnitUSA

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