Flow Visualization of a Shock Wave by Simple Refraction of a Background Grid
Experiments with high-molecular-weight fluids yield large absolute density changes across gas-phase shock waves, producing correspondingly large changes in the index of refraction n. In the experiments described here, the change Δn across the shock is of order 10-2. Simple photography of the shock against a ruled background grid shows a visible shockfront by refraction of the grid lines. Comparison of the photographic image with an image generated by optical ray tracing yields a measurement of the density behind the shock.
KeywordsPropa Refraction Liquefaction Photography Milton
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Thompson, P.A.; Kim, Y.-G.; Meier, G.E.A.: Shock-tube studies with incident liquefaction shocks. Proc. 14th Int. Symp. on Shock Tubes and Waves, Archer, R.D. and Milton, B.E. (eds.) 413–420. Sydney: New South Wales Univ. Press 1984.Google Scholar
- 4.Born, M.; Wolf, E.: Principles of Optics. Oxford, London: Pergamon Press 1970. Pp. 125, 87ff.Google Scholar
- 5.Yamada, T.: An improved generalized equation of state. J. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. 19 (1973) 286–291.Google Scholar