Fractional Quantization of the Hall Effect
The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect is caused by the condensation of a two-dimensional electron gas in a strong magnetic field into a new type of macroscopic ground state, the elementary excitations of which are fermions of charge 1/m, where m is an odd integer.
KeywordsCharge Density Wave Elementary Excitation Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Lower Landau Level Fractional Quantum Hall Effect
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