Fractional Quantization of the Hall Effect

  • R. B. Laughlin
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 53)


The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect is caused by the condensation of a two-dimensional electron gas in a strong magnetic field into a new type of macroscopic ground state, the elementary excitations of which are fermions of charge 1/m, where m is an odd integer.


Helium Mist 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Laughlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA

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