Superheavy Quasimolecules

  • Walter Greiner
  • Berndt Müller
  • Johann Rafelski
Part of the Texts and Monographs in Physics book series (TMP)


Lacking the existence of stable nuclei with charge Z > 173 there is no immediate way to test the ideas about supercritical fields in QED. However, in a collision of two very heavy ions for a short period of time the electrons will experience the combined potential of both nuclei. If the nuclear motion is not too fast a super-heavy quasimolecule may be formed. As a prerequisite for dynamical calculations, in this chapter the electron states of a hypothetical stationary molecule are discussed by solving the two center Dirac equation. Special attention is devoted to the critical internuclear distance R cr, where the bound levels reach the lower continuum.


Critical Distance Uranium Atom Internuclear Separation Vacuum Decay Nuclear Molecule 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Greiner
    • 1
  • Berndt Müller
    • 1
  • Johann Rafelski
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikJohann-Wolfgang-Goethe UniversitätFrankfurt/MainFed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Institute of Theoretical Physics and AstrophysicsUniversity of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa

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