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Heterogeneous Photocatalysis with Semiconductor Particulate Systems

  • K. Kalyanasundaram
  • M. Grätzel
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 35)

Abstract

The field of photochemical conversion of solar energy has become an exciting and rapidly growing area of research over the last few years. Light-driven redox reactions coupled with redox catalysts are being investigated as a possible route for the generation of fuels by visible light [5.1–4]. With the limitations imposed by the near diffusion-controlled rates for the back reactions that follow endergonic (uphill) photoredox reactions with organic and inorganic dye-based systems, attention is being directed towards semiconductor particulate and colloidal systems as light harvesting units. Heterogeneous photocatalysis with semiconductor particulate systems offer several advantages. Colloidal semiconductors combine a number of desirable properties such as high extinction coefficients, fast carrier diffusion to the interface and suitable positioning of valence and conduction bands to achieve high efficiencies in light-energy conversion processes. The transparent nature of these sols allows ready detection of short-lived intermediates by fast kinetic spectroscopy. Particularly attractive is the added possibility of modifying the surface of the semiconductor particles by chemisorption, chemical derivatization and/or catalyst deposition assisting the light-induced charge separation and subsequent fuel-generating dark reaction.

Keywords

Methyl Viologen Faraday Trans Titanium Isopropoxide Ti02 Particle Laser Photolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kalyanasundaram
  • M. Grätzel

There are no affiliations available

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