US examination has shown that the pancreas in children is abnormal more often than previously thought. The examination technique is similar to that of adults and the pancreas is usually easy to demonstrate in children. Patients with pancreatitis (chemical, trauma, familial disease) are a group with a clinical and biological presentation that can be unclear; pancreatic lesions of cystic fibrosis, varying with the patient’s age, represents a second group in this pediatric pancreatic pathology; a third group consists of pancreatic tumors that are represented by pancreatic involvement of lymphomas and neuroblastomas rather than by true pancreatic tumors. We shall not discuss variations of the vascular pancreatic markers since portal hypertension is dealt with in Chap. 6.
KeywordsCystic Fibrosis Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Acute Pancreatitis Pancreatic Duct Portal Hypertension
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