Endogenous and Environmental Control of Smolt Transformation

  • Arthur D. Hasler
  • Allan T. Scholz
Part of the Zoophysiology book series (ZOOPHYSIOLOGY, volume 14)


This chapter considers endogenous and environmental factors that influence smolt transformation. It also provides evidence that an endogenous developmental program, mediated by hormones and entrained by the annual cycle in daylength, regulates the smoltification process.


Migration Cortisol Prolactin 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur D. Hasler
    • 1
  • Allan T. Scholz
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for LimnologieUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyEastern Washington UniversityCheneyUSA

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