Malignant Bone Tumors
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The annual incidence of cancer in children varies from country to country. The Manchester Tumour Register shows an incidence of 100 per million children under 15 years of age, whereas in the United States the Third National Cancer Survey conducted over the three year period 1969–1971 showed an annual incidence of 125 cases per million Primary cancers of bone are uncommon and represent about 5%–6% of tumours occurring in children, the two most common forms being osteosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma. Osteosarcoma is rare in children under the age of 5 years but its incidence rises rapidly during adolescence to reach a peak at about the age of 16 years. Ewing’s tumour is seen more commonly than osteosarcoma in children under 10 years and it too increases in incidence with age to reach a peak in the late teens. In a review of bone tumours from the Mayo Clinic (Dahlin and Coventry 1967) it was reported that of 530 malignant primary bone tumours, there were 294 osteosarcomas in patients aged between 10 and 20 years and only 25 in patients aged under 10 years, whereas there were 103 Ewing’s tumours in patients aged between 10 and 20 years and 45 in patients aged under 10 years.
KeywordsLung Metastasis High Dose Methotrexate Prosthetic Replacement Malignant Primary Bone Tumour Primary Osteosarcoma
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