Mass Crystallization

  • Alexander A. Chernov
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 36)


Mass crystallization is the nucleation and growth of a large number of usually small crystals (~10−3–10−1 cm) in one and the same area of space. Examples of it are the formation of metal ingots and kidney stones, the solidification of concrete, and the production of granulated fertilizers, medicines, sugar, and salt. It has been used and studied for hundreds of years. In mass crystallization, special attention is usually given to the purity, size, and shape of the crystals, and the aim is to achieve a maximum strength of intercrystallite bonds (as in concrete and metals) or to obtain a fine-grained, loose, noncaking product (sugar, salt, fertilizers). The fine defects of individual crystals are usually given much less attention than in the growing of single crystals. Total rates of output and other economic considerations are extremely important.


Small Crystal Sherwood Number Ripening Time Crystallization Center Spherical Crystal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 7.1
    J.W. Mullin: Crystallization, 2nd ed. ( Butterworths, London 1972 )Google Scholar
  2. (7.2a)
    L.N. Matusevich: Kristallizatsiya iz rastvorov v khimicheskoi promyshlennosti (Crystallization from Solutions in the Chemical Industry) ( Khimiya, Moscow 1968 )Google Scholar
  3. (7.2b)
    E.V. Khamsky: Kristallizatsiya iz rastvorov (Crystallization from Solutions) ( Nauka, Leningrad 1967 )Google Scholar
  4. (7.2c)
    E.V. Khamsky: Peres shchennyie rastvory (Supersaturated Solutions) ( Nauka, Leningrad 1975 )Google Scholar
  5. (7.3a)
    J. Nÿvlt: Industrial Crystallization from.Solutions ( Butterworths, London 1971 )Google Scholar
  6. (7.3b)
    A.D. Randolf, M.A. Larson: Theory of Particulate Processes. Analysis and Techniques of Continuous Crystallization ( Academic, New York 1971 )Google Scholar
  7. (7.3c)
    A.W. Bamforth: Industrial Crystallization ( Leonard Hill, London 1965 )Google Scholar
  8. 7.4
    S.J. Jancie: Industrial Crystallization. Part I: Fundamentals of Crystal-lization from Solution; Part II: Crystallizer Design (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  9. (7.5a)
    E.J. de Jong, S.J. Jancie (eds.): Industrial Crystallization ’78 ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1979 )Google Scholar
  10. (7.5b)
    S.J. Jancie, E.J. de Jong (eds.): Industrial Crystallization ’81 ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1982 )Google Scholar
  11. (7.6a)
    A.N. Kolmogorov: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Matem. No. 3, 355 (1937)Google Scholar
  12. (7.6b)
    W. Johnson, R. Mehl: Trans. Am. Inst. Min. Metall. Eng.135, 416 (1939)Google Scholar
  13. (7.6c)
    M. Avrami: J. Chem. Phys.7, 1103 (1939); 8, 212 (1940); 9, 117 (1941)Google Scholar
  14. (7.7a)
    V.Z. Belen’ky: Geometriko-veroyatnostnyie modeli kristallizatsii (Geometrical Probability Models of Crystallization) ( Nauka, Moscow 1980 )Google Scholar
  15. (7.7b)
    L.I. Trusov, V.A. Kholmyansky: Ostrovkovye metallicheskiye plyonki (Island Metallic Films) ( Metallurgiya, Moscow 1973 )Google Scholar
  16. 7.8
    J.P. Hirth, J. Lothe: Theory of Dislocations ( McGraw-Hill, New York 1968 )Google Scholar
  17. 7.9
    G.G. Lemmlein: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 48, 177 (1945)Google Scholar
  18. 7.10
    A.N. Kolmogorov: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 65, 681 (1949)Google Scholar
  19. 7.11
    M.C. Flemings: Solidification Processing ( McGraw-Hill, New York 1974 )Google Scholar
  20. 7.12
    G.A. Hughmark: Chem. Eng. Sci. 24, 291 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 7.13
    A.W. Nienow, P.D.B. Bujac, J.W. Mullin: J. Cryst. Growth 13/14, 488 (1972)Google Scholar
  22. 7.14
    A.W. Nienow: Chem. Eng. Sci. 23, 1459 (1968)Google Scholar
  23. 7.15
    O.T. Todes: “Kinetika koagulyatsii i ukrupneniya chastits v zolakh” (Kinetics of Coagulation and Coarsening of Particles in Sols), in Problemy kinetiki i kataliza, T.7, Statisticheskiz,’e yavleniva v aeteroaennukh sistemakh (Problems of Kinetics and Catalysis, Vol.7, Statistical Phenomena in Heterogeneous Systems) (Izd-vo Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow 1949 ) p. 137Google Scholar
  24. 7.16
    I.M. Lifshits, V.V. Slyozov: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 35, 479 (1958)Google Scholar
  25. (7.17a)
    R.I. Garber, V.S. Kogan, L.M. Polyakov: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 35, 1364 (1958)Google Scholar
  26. (7.17b)
    M.A. Belyshev, A.A. Chernov: In Industrial Crystallization 1981, ed. by S.J. Jancic, E.J. De Jong ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1982 ) p. 315Google Scholar
  27. 7.18
    N.V. Gordeyeva, A.V. Shubnikov: Kristallografiya 12, 186 (1967) [English transl.: Sov. Phys. Crystallogr.l2, 154 (1967)]Google Scholar
  28. 7.19
    I.G. Bazhal: Kristallografiya 14 1106 (1969) [English transl.: Sov. Phys. Crystallogr.l4, 127 (1970)]Google Scholar
  29. 7.20
    I.G. Bazhal: “Issledovaniye mekhanizma rekristallizatsii v dispersnykh sistemakh” (An Investigation of the Recrystallization Mechanism in Disperse Systems), Ph.D. Thesis, Ukrainian SSR Institute of Colloid Chemistry and the Chemistry of Water (Kiev 1972 )Google Scholar
  30. 7.21
    E.G. Denk, G.D. Botsaris: J. Cryst. Growth 13/14, 493 (1972)Google Scholar
  31. 7.22
    H. Garabedian, R.F. Strickland-Constable: J. Cryst. Growth 13/14, 506 (1972)Google Scholar
  32. 7.23
    J. Estrin, M.L. Wang, G.R. Youngquist: AIChE J. 21, 392 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander A. Chernov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of CrystallographyAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR

Personalised recommendations