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Callus Formation and Anthocyanin Production in Cultures of Haplopappus gracilis

  • Jakob Reinert
  • Michael Magson Yeoman

Abstract

Cultures of higher plant cells can accumulate a variety of secondary metabolites such as polyphenols, alkaloids, steroids or certain pigments. Some of these secondary products can accumulate in the medium and may inhibit growth. This is particularly true of polyphenols. Other compounds, anthocyanins for instance, are not secreted by viable cells. Anthocyanins are a group of red, blue or violet pigments which occur in the vacuolar sap of plant cells, often in the epidermis of flowers and fruits. The products of hydrolysis of an anthocyanin are an aglycone bearing the generic name anthocyanidin and a glycoside unit, often glucose. Cultures which possess the ability to synthesise and accumulate pigments tend to lose this property during prolonged cultivation. This appears to be a phenomenon similar to the loss of morphogenetic capability with ageing of tissue cultures. Cells which can synthesise and accumulate pigments provide useful material in a practical course because the appearance and accumulation of the pigment can be monitored visually, as for example, with anthocyanin.

Keywords

Callus Formation Culture Tube Pasteur Pipette Cotton Wool Pigment Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Geissman, T.A.: Anthocyanins, Chalcones, Aurones, Flavones, and Related Water-Soluble Plant Pigments, pp. 450–498. In: Moderne Methoden der Pflanzenanalyse III. (Paech, K., Tracey, M.V. eds.). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Grill, R., Vince, D.: Anthocyanin formation in turnip seedlings (Brassica rapa L.). Evidence for two light steps in the biosynthetic pathway. Planta 63,1–12 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Reinert, J., Torrey, J. G.: Über die Kultur von Geweben aus Haplopappus gracilis. Naturwissenschaften 48 ,132–133 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Reinert, J., Gauss, H., Ardenne, von R.: Anthocyan-bildung von Haplopappus gracilis in Licht verschie-dener Qualität. Naturwissenschaften 51 ,87 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakob Reinert
    • 1
  • Michael Magson Yeoman
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Pflanzenphysiologie und ZellbiologieBerlin 33Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghGreat Britain

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