The Chemical Kinetics of Aerosol Formation

  • R. G. Keesee
  • A. W. CastlemanJr.
Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 28)

Abstract

There are three general aspects to be considered in understanding the formation of the stratospheric aerosol. The first involves the chemical origins of the components that compose the aerosol. Precursor gaseous species can be transported to the stratosphere where chemical reactions may convert them to condensable species, while solid particles may also be directly injected into the stratosphere. Additionally, the possible formation of new aerosol particles by the nucleation processes of condensable species in the presence of primary (or injected) particles must be considered. Finally, account must also be taken of the evolving characteristics of the aerosol itself through subsequent growth, coagulation, and other attendant aging processes. The chemical composition after nucleation, or transport into the stratosphere, may be modified by heterogeneous reactions between aerosol particles and the surrounding gaseous constituents. In addition to heterogeneous reactions, the size distribution of the aerosol particles is also controlled by condensation or evaporation and physical processes such as coagulation and sedimentation.

Keywords

DUst Ozone Sedimentation Adduct Fractionation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Keesee
  • A. W. CastlemanJr.

There are no affiliations available

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