Finite Element Analysis for Combined Material and Geometric Nonlinearities
For a number of years, the author has used the finite element method to investigate the collapse strength of thin plated steel structures [1–3]. The work has been directed primarily towards steel bridges which are usually fabricated from engineering steel for which the stress-strain curve exhibits a significant plateau. The collapse behaviour usually involves an interaction between material and geometric non-linearities and is influenced by initial geometric imperfections and residual welding stresses. The present communication describes a number of numerical techniques that the author has developed in order to analyse such structures. The topics covered include approximate yield criteria, accelerated iterative methods and incremental solutions using a ‘length constraint’.
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