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Adjuvant Chemoimmunotherapy of Head and Neck Cancer

  • S. G. Taylor
  • G. A. Sisson
  • D. E. Bytell
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 68)

Abstract

Adjuvant systemic therapy in head and neck cancer has not been actively studied because regional recurrences have focused attention on the need for improved regional therapy and because additive toxicity with radiation therapy has discouraged use of effective regimens of chemotherapy. Randomized multi-institution studies have shown no differences in disease-free survival after 2 years [15, 28]. However, improved disease-free survival for the first 8–12 months was observed in a few studies [14, 21]. Such a duration of effect from methotrexate in the treatment of gross residual disease would be unusual and suggested that a more aggressive approach to adjuvant treatment might yield more long-lasting beneficial results. With improved local control from more effective surgery and radiation therapy, systemic metastases have caused an increased percentage of treatment failures accentuating the need to re-examine systemic adjuvant therapy [13]. Response rates to chemotherapy have also improved with the use of methotrexate and leucovorin in a weekly schedule [20] and use of combination drug therapy [3] although duration of response remains short. These developments are background to our current approach to adjuvant therapy trials.

Keywords

Neck Cancer Prognostic Category Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma Follow Radiation Therapy Tumor Cell Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Taylor
  • G. A. Sisson
  • D. E. Bytell

There are no affiliations available

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